Three morphological mutants (M71a, M71b, M71c) of the antagonist Pseudomonas chlororaphis M71, naturally arose during a biocontrol trial against the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersisci. In this study, the three mutants were investigated to elucidate their role in the biocontrol of plant pathogens. M71a and M71b phenotypes were generated by a mutation in the two-component system GacS/GacA. The mutation determined an increase in siderophore production and an impaired ability to release proteases, to swarm, to produce phenazine and AHLs and to colonize tomato roots. In vitro antagonistic activity against different plant pathogens was partially reduced in M71a, while M71b resulted effective only against Pythium ultimum. Biocontrol efficacy against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersisci, was partially reduced in M71a and completely lost in M71b. M71c phenotype was impaired in swarming motility, did not produce biofilms and its antagonistic activity was similar to the parental M71 strain. M71c showed an enhanced ability to colonize tomato roots, on which its progeny in part reverted to the M71 parental phenotype. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by all four strains, inhibited the growth of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis and Seiridium cardinale in vitro. Real-time screening of VOCs by PTR-MS combined with GC–MS analysis, showed that methanethiol was the main component of the blend produced by all four M71 strains. However, the emissions of hydrogen cyanide, dimethyl disulfide, 1,3-butadiene and acetone were significantly affected by the three different mutations. These findings highlight that the simultaneous presence of different M71 phenotypes may improve, through the integration of different mechanisms, the ecological fitness and biocontrol efficacy of P. chlororaphis M71

Impact of spontaneous mutations on physiological traits and biocontrol activity of Pseudomonas chlororaphis M71 / Raio, Aida; Brilli, Federico; Baraldi, Rita; Neri, Luisa; Puopolo, Gerardo. - In: MICROBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0944-5013. - 2020/239:(2020), pp. 12651701-12651713. [10.1016/j.micres.2020.126517]

Impact of spontaneous mutations on physiological traits and biocontrol activity of Pseudomonas chlororaphis M71

Puopolo, Gerardo
2020

Abstract

Three morphological mutants (M71a, M71b, M71c) of the antagonist Pseudomonas chlororaphis M71, naturally arose during a biocontrol trial against the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersisci. In this study, the three mutants were investigated to elucidate their role in the biocontrol of plant pathogens. M71a and M71b phenotypes were generated by a mutation in the two-component system GacS/GacA. The mutation determined an increase in siderophore production and an impaired ability to release proteases, to swarm, to produce phenazine and AHLs and to colonize tomato roots. In vitro antagonistic activity against different plant pathogens was partially reduced in M71a, while M71b resulted effective only against Pythium ultimum. Biocontrol efficacy against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersisci, was partially reduced in M71a and completely lost in M71b. M71c phenotype was impaired in swarming motility, did not produce biofilms and its antagonistic activity was similar to the parental M71 strain. M71c showed an enhanced ability to colonize tomato roots, on which its progeny in part reverted to the M71 parental phenotype. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by all four strains, inhibited the growth of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis and Seiridium cardinale in vitro. Real-time screening of VOCs by PTR-MS combined with GC–MS analysis, showed that methanethiol was the main component of the blend produced by all four M71 strains. However, the emissions of hydrogen cyanide, dimethyl disulfide, 1,3-butadiene and acetone were significantly affected by the three different mutations. These findings highlight that the simultaneous presence of different M71 phenotypes may improve, through the integration of different mechanisms, the ecological fitness and biocontrol efficacy of P. chlororaphis M71
Raio, Aida; Brilli, Federico; Baraldi, Rita; Neri, Luisa; Puopolo, Gerardo
Impact of spontaneous mutations on physiological traits and biocontrol activity of Pseudomonas chlororaphis M71 / Raio, Aida; Brilli, Federico; Baraldi, Rita; Neri, Luisa; Puopolo, Gerardo. - In: MICROBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0944-5013. - 2020/239:(2020), pp. 12651701-12651713. [10.1016/j.micres.2020.126517]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/268644
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