Introduction: Social-media can contribute to building up adolescents' relationships, but they might also bring negative exclusionary experiences. Being excluded is a subtle yet hurtful form of relational aggression, which affects people's psychological wellbeing, especially during developmental stages. In this study, we (1) analyzed the effects of social-media exclusion adapting the Ostracism Online paradigm to a cohort of Italian preadolescents (Mage = 11.47, 53% girls) and (2) tested the efficacy of two potential recovery strategies (i.e., social bonds vs. social surrogate). Method: Inclusionary status was manipulated through the number of “likes” participants received on a fictitious online social network. In the exclusion condition, participants received fewer likes than everyone else. In the inclusion condition, participants received a similar number of likes of other users. Then, all participants were asked to think of a significant positive relationship with a family member (social bonds), a celebrity (social surrogate), their present moment thoughts (control). Results: Preadolescents who received fewer likes than others reported higher levels of need threat (i.e., belong, self-esteem, meaningful existence, but not control) and negative emotions. Moreover, the social-bonds strategy generally brought a faster psychological recovery from social-media exclusion than the control condition. The efficacy of social-surrogates strategy was greater for boys than for girls, probably due to different choices in their favorite celebrities. Conclusion: These findings show how offline life offers compensatory opportunities for adolescents’ online life. When the lack of “Likes” signal exclusion on social-media, thinking of an existing social relationship help adolescents to cope with this negative experience.

Being liked or not being liked: A study on social-media exclusion in a preadolescent population / Timeo, Susanna; Riva, Paolo; Paladino, Maria Paola. - In: JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE. - ISSN 0140-1971. - 80:1(2020), pp. 173-181. [10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.010]

Being liked or not being liked: A study on social-media exclusion in a preadolescent population

Timeo, Susanna;Paladino, Maria Paola
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Social-media can contribute to building up adolescents' relationships, but they might also bring negative exclusionary experiences. Being excluded is a subtle yet hurtful form of relational aggression, which affects people's psychological wellbeing, especially during developmental stages. In this study, we (1) analyzed the effects of social-media exclusion adapting the Ostracism Online paradigm to a cohort of Italian preadolescents (Mage = 11.47, 53% girls) and (2) tested the efficacy of two potential recovery strategies (i.e., social bonds vs. social surrogate). Method: Inclusionary status was manipulated through the number of “likes” participants received on a fictitious online social network. In the exclusion condition, participants received fewer likes than everyone else. In the inclusion condition, participants received a similar number of likes of other users. Then, all participants were asked to think of a significant positive relationship with a family member (social bonds), a celebrity (social surrogate), their present moment thoughts (control). Results: Preadolescents who received fewer likes than others reported higher levels of need threat (i.e., belong, self-esteem, meaningful existence, but not control) and negative emotions. Moreover, the social-bonds strategy generally brought a faster psychological recovery from social-media exclusion than the control condition. The efficacy of social-surrogates strategy was greater for boys than for girls, probably due to different choices in their favorite celebrities. Conclusion: These findings show how offline life offers compensatory opportunities for adolescents’ online life. When the lack of “Likes” signal exclusion on social-media, thinking of an existing social relationship help adolescents to cope with this negative experience.
2020
1
Timeo, Susanna; Riva, Paolo; Paladino, Maria Paola
Being liked or not being liked: A study on social-media exclusion in a preadolescent population / Timeo, Susanna; Riva, Paolo; Paladino, Maria Paola. - In: JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE. - ISSN 0140-1971. - 80:1(2020), pp. 173-181. [10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.010]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Timeo, Riva, & Paladino_JoA2020.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato (Other attachments)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 5.64 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.64 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri
Journal of Adolescence - 2020 - Timeo - Being liked or not being liked A study on social‐media exclusion in a.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: Versione editoriale finale
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 169.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
169.59 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/258816
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact