Amino acid metabolites in biofluids are associated with high body mass index (BMI) and cardiometabolic abnormalities. However, prospective investigations regarding these associations are few, particularly among young individuals. Moreover, little is presently known about the impact of long-term high BMI. Using data from the DOrtmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed study (111 males and 107 females), we prospectively investigated relations between repeatedly measured urinary levels of 33 metabolites and (1) previously identified long-term BMI trajectory groups from childhood into late adolescence and (2) cardiometabolic risk markers in late adolescence-young adulthood, in sex-specific linear mixed regression models. Males with long-term overweight had lower indole-3-acetic acid when compared to others. Further, methionine, isoleucine, tryptophan, xanthurenic acid, and indole-3-carboxaldehyde were negatively associated with C-reactive protein (CRP), but 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid was positively associated with CRP. No associations were observed in females. Long-term overweight from childhood into late adolescence is associated with decreased urinary levels of gut bacteria-derived indole-3-acetic acid, and several urinary amino acids, including gut bacteria-derived indole-3-carboxaldehyde are associated with elevated CRP later on in life. Taken together, our data suggest that indole metabolites, and their gut bacteria producers play potentially important roles in overweight-related inflammation.

Longitudinal relationship of amino acids and indole metabolites with long-term body mass index and cardiometabolic risk markers in young individuals / Oluwagbemigun, Kolade; Anesi, Andrea; Ulaszewska, Maria; Clarke, Gerard; Alexy, Ute; Schmid, Matthias; Roden, Michael; Herder, Christian; Mattivi, Fulvio; Nöthlings, Ute. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), p. 6399. [10.1038/s41598-020-63313-z]

Longitudinal relationship of amino acids and indole metabolites with long-term body mass index and cardiometabolic risk markers in young individuals

Anesi, Andrea;Mattivi, Fulvio;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Amino acid metabolites in biofluids are associated with high body mass index (BMI) and cardiometabolic abnormalities. However, prospective investigations regarding these associations are few, particularly among young individuals. Moreover, little is presently known about the impact of long-term high BMI. Using data from the DOrtmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed study (111 males and 107 females), we prospectively investigated relations between repeatedly measured urinary levels of 33 metabolites and (1) previously identified long-term BMI trajectory groups from childhood into late adolescence and (2) cardiometabolic risk markers in late adolescence-young adulthood, in sex-specific linear mixed regression models. Males with long-term overweight had lower indole-3-acetic acid when compared to others. Further, methionine, isoleucine, tryptophan, xanthurenic acid, and indole-3-carboxaldehyde were negatively associated with C-reactive protein (CRP), but 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid was positively associated with CRP. No associations were observed in females. Long-term overweight from childhood into late adolescence is associated with decreased urinary levels of gut bacteria-derived indole-3-acetic acid, and several urinary amino acids, including gut bacteria-derived indole-3-carboxaldehyde are associated with elevated CRP later on in life. Taken together, our data suggest that indole metabolites, and their gut bacteria producers play potentially important roles in overweight-related inflammation.
2020
1
Oluwagbemigun, Kolade; Anesi, Andrea; Ulaszewska, Maria; Clarke, Gerard; Alexy, Ute; Schmid, Matthias; Roden, Michael; Herder, Christian; Mattivi, Fulvio; Nöthlings, Ute
Longitudinal relationship of amino acids and indole metabolites with long-term body mass index and cardiometabolic risk markers in young individuals / Oluwagbemigun, Kolade; Anesi, Andrea; Ulaszewska, Maria; Clarke, Gerard; Alexy, Ute; Schmid, Matthias; Roden, Michael; Herder, Christian; Mattivi, Fulvio; Nöthlings, Ute. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), p. 6399. [10.1038/s41598-020-63313-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/258453
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