We present the commissioning of the Fast Annihilation Cryogenic Tracker detector (FACT), installed around the antihydrogen production trap inside the 1T superconducting magnet of the AEgIS experiment. FACT is designed to detect pions originating from the annihilation of antiprotons. Its 794 scintillating fibers operate at 4K and are read out by silicon photomultipliers (MPPCs) at near room temperature. FACT provides the antiproton/antihydrogen annihilation position information with a few ns timing resolution. We present the hardware and software developments which led to the successful operation of the detector for antihydrogen detection and the results of an antiproton-loss based efficiency assessment. The main background to the antihydrogen signal is that of the positrons impinging onto the positronium conversion target and creating a large amount of gamma rays which produce a sizeable signal in the MPPCs shortly before the antihydrogen signal is expected. We detail the characterization of this background signal and its impact on the antihydrogen detection efficiency.

A cryogenic tracking detector for antihydrogen detection in the AEgIS experiment / Amsler, C.; Antonello, M.; Belov, A.; Bonomi, G.; Brusa, R. S.; Caccia, M.; Camper, A.; Caravita, R.; Castelli, F.; Comparat, D.; Consolati, G.; Demetrio, A.; Di Noto, L.; Doser, M.; Ekman, P. A.; Fani, M.; Ferragut, R.; Gerber, S.; Giammarchi, M.; Gligorova, A.; Guatieri, F.; Hackstock, P.; Haider, D.; Haider, S.; Hinterberger, A.; Kellerbauer, A.; Khalidova, O.; Krasnicky, D.; Lagomarsino, V.; Malbrunot, C.; Mariazzi, S.; Matveev, V.; Muller, S. R.; Nebbia, G.; Nedelec, P.; Nowak, L.; Oberthaler, M.; Oswald, E.; Pagano, D.; Penasa, L.; Petracek, V.; Prelz, F.; Prevedelli, M.; Rienaecker, B.; Robert, J.; Rohne, O. M.; Rotondi, A.; Sandaker, H.; Santoro, R.; Storey, J.; Testera, G.; Tietje, I. C.; Toso, V.; Wolz, T.; Wuethrich, J.; Yzombard, P.; Zimmer, C.; Zurlo, N.. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT. - ISSN 0168-9002. - STAMPA. - 960:(2020), p. 163637. [10.1016/j.nima.2020.163637]

A cryogenic tracking detector for antihydrogen detection in the AEgIS experiment

Brusa R. S.;Guatieri F.;Mariazzi S.;Penasa L.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

We present the commissioning of the Fast Annihilation Cryogenic Tracker detector (FACT), installed around the antihydrogen production trap inside the 1T superconducting magnet of the AEgIS experiment. FACT is designed to detect pions originating from the annihilation of antiprotons. Its 794 scintillating fibers operate at 4K and are read out by silicon photomultipliers (MPPCs) at near room temperature. FACT provides the antiproton/antihydrogen annihilation position information with a few ns timing resolution. We present the hardware and software developments which led to the successful operation of the detector for antihydrogen detection and the results of an antiproton-loss based efficiency assessment. The main background to the antihydrogen signal is that of the positrons impinging onto the positronium conversion target and creating a large amount of gamma rays which produce a sizeable signal in the MPPCs shortly before the antihydrogen signal is expected. We detail the characterization of this background signal and its impact on the antihydrogen detection efficiency.
2020
Amsler, C.; Antonello, M.; Belov, A.; Bonomi, G.; Brusa, R. S.; Caccia, M.; Camper, A.; Caravita, R.; Castelli, F.; Comparat, D.; Consolati, G.; Demetrio, A.; Di Noto, L.; Doser, M.; Ekman, P. A.; Fani, M.; Ferragut, R.; Gerber, S.; Giammarchi, M.; Gligorova, A.; Guatieri, F.; Hackstock, P.; Haider, D.; Haider, S.; Hinterberger, A.; Kellerbauer, A.; Khalidova, O.; Krasnicky, D.; Lagomarsino, V.; Malbrunot, C.; Mariazzi, S.; Matveev, V.; Muller, S. R.; Nebbia, G.; Nedelec, P.; Nowak, L.; Oberthaler, M.; Oswald, E.; Pagano, D.; Penasa, L.; Petracek, V.; Prelz, F.; Prevedelli, M.; Rienaecker, B.; Robert, J.; Rohne, O. M.; Rotondi, A.; Sandaker, H.; Santoro, R.; Storey, J.; Testera, G.; Tietje, I. C.; Toso, V.; Wolz, T.; Wuethrich, J.; Yzombard, P.; Zimmer, C.; Zurlo, N.
A cryogenic tracking detector for antihydrogen detection in the AEgIS experiment / Amsler, C.; Antonello, M.; Belov, A.; Bonomi, G.; Brusa, R. S.; Caccia, M.; Camper, A.; Caravita, R.; Castelli, F.; Comparat, D.; Consolati, G.; Demetrio, A.; Di Noto, L.; Doser, M.; Ekman, P. A.; Fani, M.; Ferragut, R.; Gerber, S.; Giammarchi, M.; Gligorova, A.; Guatieri, F.; Hackstock, P.; Haider, D.; Haider, S.; Hinterberger, A.; Kellerbauer, A.; Khalidova, O.; Krasnicky, D.; Lagomarsino, V.; Malbrunot, C.; Mariazzi, S.; Matveev, V.; Muller, S. R.; Nebbia, G.; Nedelec, P.; Nowak, L.; Oberthaler, M.; Oswald, E.; Pagano, D.; Penasa, L.; Petracek, V.; Prelz, F.; Prevedelli, M.; Rienaecker, B.; Robert, J.; Rohne, O. M.; Rotondi, A.; Sandaker, H.; Santoro, R.; Storey, J.; Testera, G.; Tietje, I. C.; Toso, V.; Wolz, T.; Wuethrich, J.; Yzombard, P.; Zimmer, C.; Zurlo, N.. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT. - ISSN 0168-9002. - STAMPA. - 960:(2020), p. 163637. [10.1016/j.nima.2020.163637]
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