Distinctive features of supersolids show up in their rotational properties. We calculate the moment of inertia of a harmonically trapped dipolar Bose-Einstein condensed gas as a function of the tunable scattering length parameter, providing the transition from the (fully) superfluid to the supersolid phase and eventually to an incoherent crystal of self-bound droplets. The transition from the superfluid to the supersolid phase is characterized by a jump in the moment of inertia, revealing its first order nature. In the case of elongated trapping in the plane of rotation, we show that the moment of inertia determines the value of the frequency of the scissors mode, which is significantly affected by the reduction of superfluidity in the supersolid phase. The case of an in-plane isotropic trapping is instead well suited to study the formation of quantized vortices, which are shown to be characterized, in the supersolid phase, by a sizeable deformed core, caused by the presence of the surrounding density peaks.

Rotating a Supersolid Dipolar Gas / Roccuzzo, S. M.; Gallemi, A.; Recati, A.; Stringari, S.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 124:4(2020), p. 045702. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.045702]

Rotating a Supersolid Dipolar Gas

Roccuzzo S. M.;Recati A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Distinctive features of supersolids show up in their rotational properties. We calculate the moment of inertia of a harmonically trapped dipolar Bose-Einstein condensed gas as a function of the tunable scattering length parameter, providing the transition from the (fully) superfluid to the supersolid phase and eventually to an incoherent crystal of self-bound droplets. The transition from the superfluid to the supersolid phase is characterized by a jump in the moment of inertia, revealing its first order nature. In the case of elongated trapping in the plane of rotation, we show that the moment of inertia determines the value of the frequency of the scissors mode, which is significantly affected by the reduction of superfluidity in the supersolid phase. The case of an in-plane isotropic trapping is instead well suited to study the formation of quantized vortices, which are shown to be characterized, in the supersolid phase, by a sizeable deformed core, caused by the presence of the surrounding density peaks.
2020
4
Roccuzzo, S. M.; Gallemi, A.; Recati, A.; Stringari, S.
Rotating a Supersolid Dipolar Gas / Roccuzzo, S. M.; Gallemi, A.; Recati, A.; Stringari, S.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 124:4(2020), p. 045702. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.045702]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/255738
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