Simulation of radar sounder (RS) data is important for understanding the radar response of subsurface features to facilitate the interpretation of the real data. Conventional electromagnetic simulators require the definition of complex geoelectrical models of the investigated targets. They also involve time-complex solutions of Maxwell's equations for computing the received electric field, which leads to very high computation time. Furthermore, the simulated radargrams are often not realistic as it is very difficult to model all the variables involved in the data acquisition. In this paper, we propose a novel simulation approach that exploits the data available from existing RSs in geologically analogous terrains, to produce realistic simulations of the investigated RS target. This simulation strategy is based on minimizing the difference between the analog and the investigated acquisition scenarios. This is done by applying a series of corrections, which depend on the relation between the radargram characteristics and the physical variables describing the acquisition process. The aim is to produce radargrams that resemble the investigated scenario in terms of the echo magnitude, bandwidth, range resolution, and along-track resolution. Experimental results present three case studies for different possibilities of the analog and the investigated scenarios. The validation of the simulated radargrams with actual data demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Finally, we also present a real application of this approach for the simulation of Radar for Icy Moon Exploration (RIME) radargrams for a combination of instrument and target parameters, using the SHAllow RADar (SHARAD) radargram acquired over the geological analog of a selected RIME target.
An Approach to the Simulation of Radar Sounder Radargrams Based on Geological Analogs / Thakur, Sanchari; Bruzzone, Lorenzo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 0196-2892. - 2019:0196-2892(2019), pp. 1-19.
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|Titolo:||An Approach to the Simulation of Radar Sounder Radargrams Based on Geological Analogs|
|Autori:||Thakur, Sanchari; Bruzzone, Lorenzo|
|Titolo del periodico:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||0196-2892|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TGRS.2019.2898027|
|Citazione:||An Approach to the Simulation of Radar Sounder Radargrams Based on Geological Analogs / Thakur, Sanchari; Bruzzone, Lorenzo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 0196-2892. - 2019:0196-2892(2019), pp. 1-19.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|