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|Titolo:||What information is critical to elicit interference in number-form synesthesia?|
|Autori Unitn:||Piazza, Manuela|
Dehaene, Stanislas Pierre Joseph
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo del periodico:||CORTEX|
|Abstract:||Numerous behavioural paradigms have demonstrated a close connection between numbers and space, suggesting that numbers may be represented on an internal mental number line. For example, in the Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effect, reaction times are faster for left-sided responses to smaller numbers and for right-sided responses to larger numbers. One valuable tool for exploring such numerical-spatial interactions is the study of number-form synaesthesia, in which participants report vivid, automatic associations of numerical and other ordinal sequences with precise, idiosyncratic, spatial layouts. Recent studies have demonstrated the influence of synaesthetic spatial experiences on behavioural number tasks. The aim of the present study is to further explore these internal spatial representations by presenting a case-study of an unusual synaesthete, DG, who reports highly detailed representations not only of numerical sequences (including representations of negative and Roman numbers), but also different representations for other ordinal sequences, such as time sequences (months, days and hours), the alphabet, financial sequences and different units of measure (e.g., kilograms, kilometres and degrees). Here, we describe DG's synaesthetic experiences and a series of behavioural experiments on numerical tasks concerning the automaticity of this phenomenon. DG's performance on number comparison and cued-detection tasks was modulated by his synaesthetic mental representation for the numerical sequence, such that his reaction times were slower when the spatial layout was incompatible with the orientation of his mental number line. We found that the spatial presentation of stimuli, rather than the implicit or explicit access to numerosity required by tasks, was essential to eliciting DG's number-forms. These results are consistent with previous studies and suggest that numerical-spatial interactions may be most strongly present in synaesthetes when both numerical and spatial information are explicitly task-relevant, consistent with a growing body of literature regarding the SNARC and other related effects|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|
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