Moral machines’ are entering our society and with them is coming the need for new and suitable moral, ethical and legal regulations. In the paper we analyse Philippa Foot’s trolley problem experiment as an example of a situation in which self-driving vehicles will have to make life or death decisions autonomously. In doing so, we investigate the basis for the construction of moral questions both for humans and machines by considering the problem from a philosophical, social and neuroscientific perspective. Following Rittel and Webber’s footsteps, we also highlight the fallacies of the deontological and utilitarian traditional ‘one-right-answer’ approach, where a solution is undoubtedly right or wrong, and claim that moral problems are not, due to their intrinsic dilemmatic nature, resolvable. We then present a different approach on the matter, arguing for the central and creative role of the tragic as a new tool for enhancing autonomous vehicles’ approach to moral problems.

Break the chains: a new way to consider machine’s moral problems / Sommaggio, Paolo; Marchiori, Samuela. - In: BIOLAW JOURNAL. - ISSN 2284-4503. - ELETTRONICO. - 2018:3(2018), pp. 241-257.

Break the chains: a new way to consider machine’s moral problems

Paolo Sommaggio;
2018

Abstract

Moral machines’ are entering our society and with them is coming the need for new and suitable moral, ethical and legal regulations. In the paper we analyse Philippa Foot’s trolley problem experiment as an example of a situation in which self-driving vehicles will have to make life or death decisions autonomously. In doing so, we investigate the basis for the construction of moral questions both for humans and machines by considering the problem from a philosophical, social and neuroscientific perspective. Following Rittel and Webber’s footsteps, we also highlight the fallacies of the deontological and utilitarian traditional ‘one-right-answer’ approach, where a solution is undoubtedly right or wrong, and claim that moral problems are not, due to their intrinsic dilemmatic nature, resolvable. We then present a different approach on the matter, arguing for the central and creative role of the tragic as a new tool for enhancing autonomous vehicles’ approach to moral problems.
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Sommaggio, Paolo; Marchiori, Samuela
Break the chains: a new way to consider machine’s moral problems / Sommaggio, Paolo; Marchiori, Samuela. - In: BIOLAW JOURNAL. - ISSN 2284-4503. - ELETTRONICO. - 2018:3(2018), pp. 241-257.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/228164
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