Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanocrystals (NCs) were produced via hot-injection from metal chloride precursors. A systematic investigation of the influence of synthesis conditions on composition, size and microstructure of CZTS NCs is presented. The results show that the solvent amount (oleylamine) is a key parameter in the synthesis of this quaternary chalcogenide: a low solvent content leads to CZTS NCs with a prominent kesterite phase with the desired composition for use as absorber material in thin film photovoltaic cells. It is also observed that lowering the injection temperature (250°C) favours formation of CZTS NCs in the wurtzite phase. The effect of different high temperature thermal treatments on the grain growth is also shown: large crystals are obtained with annealing in inert atmosphere, whereas nanocrystalline films are obtained introducing sulphur vapour during the heat treatment. A correlation between the grain dimension and the carbonaceous residues in the final films is investigated. It is shown that the grain growth is hindered by organic residues, amount and nature of which depend on the heat treatment atmosphere. In fact, oleylamine is removed by a complex pyrolytic process, which is affected by the presence of sulphur vapour. The latter favours the stability of oleylamine residuals against its non-oxidative release

Control of composition and grain growth in Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films from nanoparticle inks / Ataollahi, Narges; Malerba, Claudia; Cappelletto, Elisa; Ciancio, Regina; Edla, Raju; Di Maggio, Rosa; Scardi, Paolo. - In: THIN SOLID FILMS. - ISSN 0040-6090. - ELETTRONICO. - 2019:(2019). [10.1016/j.tsf.2019.02.004]

Control of composition and grain growth in Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films from nanoparticle inks

Narges Ataollahi;Claudia Malerba;Elisa Cappelletto;Raju Edla;Rosa Di Maggio;Paolo Scardi
2019

Abstract

Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanocrystals (NCs) were produced via hot-injection from metal chloride precursors. A systematic investigation of the influence of synthesis conditions on composition, size and microstructure of CZTS NCs is presented. The results show that the solvent amount (oleylamine) is a key parameter in the synthesis of this quaternary chalcogenide: a low solvent content leads to CZTS NCs with a prominent kesterite phase with the desired composition for use as absorber material in thin film photovoltaic cells. It is also observed that lowering the injection temperature (250°C) favours formation of CZTS NCs in the wurtzite phase. The effect of different high temperature thermal treatments on the grain growth is also shown: large crystals are obtained with annealing in inert atmosphere, whereas nanocrystalline films are obtained introducing sulphur vapour during the heat treatment. A correlation between the grain dimension and the carbonaceous residues in the final films is investigated. It is shown that the grain growth is hindered by organic residues, amount and nature of which depend on the heat treatment atmosphere. In fact, oleylamine is removed by a complex pyrolytic process, which is affected by the presence of sulphur vapour. The latter favours the stability of oleylamine residuals against its non-oxidative release
Ataollahi, Narges; Malerba, Claudia; Cappelletto, Elisa; Ciancio, Regina; Edla, Raju; Di Maggio, Rosa; Scardi, Paolo
Control of composition and grain growth in Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films from nanoparticle inks / Ataollahi, Narges; Malerba, Claudia; Cappelletto, Elisa; Ciancio, Regina; Edla, Raju; Di Maggio, Rosa; Scardi, Paolo. - In: THIN SOLID FILMS. - ISSN 0040-6090. - ELETTRONICO. - 2019:(2019). [10.1016/j.tsf.2019.02.004]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/226428
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