Let $G$ be a group, and $S(G)$ be the group of permutations on the set $G$. The (abstract) holomorph of $G$ is the natural semidirect product $Aut(G) G$. We will write $Hol(G)$ for the normalizer of the image in $S(G)$ of the right regular representation of $G$, egin{equation*} Hol(G) = N_{S (G)}( ho(G)) = Aut(G) ho(G) cong Aut(G) G, end{equation*} and also refer to it as the holomorph of $G$. More generally, if $N$ is any regular subgroup of $S(G)$, then $N_{S(G)}(N)$ is isomorphic to the holomorph of $N$. G.A.~Miller has shown that the group egin{equation*} T(G) = N_{S(G)}(Hol(G))/Hol(G) end{equation*} acts regularly on the set of the regular subgroups $N$ of $S(G)$ which are isomorphic to $G$, and have the same holomorph as $G$, in the sense that $N_{S(G)}(N) = Hol(G)$. If $G$ is non-abelian, inversion on $G$ yields an involution in $T(G)$. Other non-abelian regular subgroups $N$ of $S(G)$ having the same holomorph as $G$ yield (other) involutions in $T(G)$. In the cases studied in the literature, $T(G)$ turns out to be a finite $2$-group, which is often elementary abelian. In this paper we exhibit an example of a finite $p$-group $Gp$ of class $2$, for $p > 2$ a prime, which is the smallest $p$-group such that $T(Gp)$ is non-abelian, and not a $2$-group. Moreover, $T(Gp)$ is not generated by involutions when $p > 3$. More generally, we develop some aspects of a theory of $T(G)$ for $G$ a finite $p$-group of class $2$, for $p > 2$. In particular, we show that for such a group $G$ there is an element of order $p-1$ in $T(G)$, and exhibit examples where $Size{T(G)} = p - 1$, and others where $T(G)$ contains a large elementary abelian $p$-subgroup.

Multiple holomorphs of finite p-groups of class two / Caranti, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF ALGEBRA. - ISSN 0021-8693. - STAMPA. - 516:(2018), pp. 352-372. [10.1016/j.jalgebra.2018.09.031]

Multiple holomorphs of finite p-groups of class two

Caranti, A.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Let $G$ be a group, and $S(G)$ be the group of permutations on the set $G$. The (abstract) holomorph of $G$ is the natural semidirect product $Aut(G) G$. We will write $Hol(G)$ for the normalizer of the image in $S(G)$ of the right regular representation of $G$, egin{equation*} Hol(G) = N_{S (G)}( ho(G)) = Aut(G) ho(G) cong Aut(G) G, end{equation*} and also refer to it as the holomorph of $G$. More generally, if $N$ is any regular subgroup of $S(G)$, then $N_{S(G)}(N)$ is isomorphic to the holomorph of $N$. G.A.~Miller has shown that the group egin{equation*} T(G) = N_{S(G)}(Hol(G))/Hol(G) end{equation*} acts regularly on the set of the regular subgroups $N$ of $S(G)$ which are isomorphic to $G$, and have the same holomorph as $G$, in the sense that $N_{S(G)}(N) = Hol(G)$. If $G$ is non-abelian, inversion on $G$ yields an involution in $T(G)$. Other non-abelian regular subgroups $N$ of $S(G)$ having the same holomorph as $G$ yield (other) involutions in $T(G)$. In the cases studied in the literature, $T(G)$ turns out to be a finite $2$-group, which is often elementary abelian. In this paper we exhibit an example of a finite $p$-group $Gp$ of class $2$, for $p > 2$ a prime, which is the smallest $p$-group such that $T(Gp)$ is non-abelian, and not a $2$-group. Moreover, $T(Gp)$ is not generated by involutions when $p > 3$. More generally, we develop some aspects of a theory of $T(G)$ for $G$ a finite $p$-group of class $2$, for $p > 2$. In particular, we show that for such a group $G$ there is an element of order $p-1$ in $T(G)$, and exhibit examples where $Size{T(G)} = p - 1$, and others where $T(G)$ contains a large elementary abelian $p$-subgroup.
2018
Caranti, A.
Multiple holomorphs of finite p-groups of class two / Caranti, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF ALGEBRA. - ISSN 0021-8693. - STAMPA. - 516:(2018), pp. 352-372. [10.1016/j.jalgebra.2018.09.031]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Multiple_Holomorphs_p-group_class_two.pdf

Open Access dal 02/10/2020

Descrizione: Articolo
Tipologia: Post-print referato (Refereed author’s manuscript)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 205.57 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
205.57 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
1-s2.0-S0021869318305507-main.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 398.81 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
398.81 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/221847
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact