Reliable electromagnetic simulators are of prime importance for the design of radar sounder instruments and for supporting the subsequent analysis of their data. In this paper, we present a coherent, facet method-based simulator that can compute radar echoes from the subsurface of a target area with an arbitrary number of geological layers, thus going beyond the surface-only or the two-layer descriptions so far implemented in coherent ray-tracing radar sounder simulators. Propagation of fields throughout the subsurface is computed according to Snell's law following a ray-tracing approach. For each ray interacting with the surface, be it a direct reflection or a refracted ray coming from the subsurface, the phase contribution of each facet is calculated through the linear phase approximation, while the total field received at the antenna is computed using Huygen's principle. Validation simulations have been performed against the radar data of lunar and martian areas characterized by a multilayer nature and collected by the Lunar Radar Sounder instrument of JAXA's Kaguya lunar probe and the Shallow Radar instrument onboard NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, respectively. Results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed simulator.

A Coherent Multilayer Simulator of Radargrams Acquired by Radar Sounder Instruments / Gerekos, Christopher; Alessandro, Tamponi; Carrer, Leonardo; Davide, Castelletti; Santoni, Massimo; Bruzzone, Lorenzo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 0196-2892. - 56:12(2018), pp. 7388-7404. [10.1109/TGRS.2018.2851020]

A Coherent Multilayer Simulator of Radargrams Acquired by Radar Sounder Instruments

Gerekos, Christopher;Leonardo Carrer;Massimo Santoni;Lorenzo Bruzzone
2018

Abstract

Reliable electromagnetic simulators are of prime importance for the design of radar sounder instruments and for supporting the subsequent analysis of their data. In this paper, we present a coherent, facet method-based simulator that can compute radar echoes from the subsurface of a target area with an arbitrary number of geological layers, thus going beyond the surface-only or the two-layer descriptions so far implemented in coherent ray-tracing radar sounder simulators. Propagation of fields throughout the subsurface is computed according to Snell's law following a ray-tracing approach. For each ray interacting with the surface, be it a direct reflection or a refracted ray coming from the subsurface, the phase contribution of each facet is calculated through the linear phase approximation, while the total field received at the antenna is computed using Huygen's principle. Validation simulations have been performed against the radar data of lunar and martian areas characterized by a multilayer nature and collected by the Lunar Radar Sounder instrument of JAXA's Kaguya lunar probe and the Shallow Radar instrument onboard NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, respectively. Results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed simulator.
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Gerekos, Christopher; Alessandro, Tamponi; Carrer, Leonardo; Davide, Castelletti; Santoni, Massimo; Bruzzone, Lorenzo
A Coherent Multilayer Simulator of Radargrams Acquired by Radar Sounder Instruments / Gerekos, Christopher; Alessandro, Tamponi; Carrer, Leonardo; Davide, Castelletti; Santoni, Massimo; Bruzzone, Lorenzo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 0196-2892. - 56:12(2018), pp. 7388-7404. [10.1109/TGRS.2018.2851020]
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