Over the past decade, numerous studies have reported that infants prefer prosocial agents (those who provide help, comfort, or fairness in distributive actions) to antisocial agents (those who harm others or distribute goods unfairly). We meta-analyzed the results of published and unpublished studies on infants aged 4–32 months and estimated that approximately two infants out of three, when given a choice between a prosocial and an antisocial agent, choose the former. This preference was not significantly affected by age or other factors, such as the type of dependent variable (selective reaching or helping) or the modality of stimulus presentation (cartoons or real events). Effect size was affected by the type of familiarization events: giving/taking actions increased its magnitude compared with helping/hindering actions. There was evidence of a publication bias, suggesting that the effect size in published studies is likely to be inflated. Also, the distribution of children who chose the prosocial agent in experiments with N = 16 suggested a file-drawer problem.

Infants' evaluation of prosocial and antisocial agents: A meta-analysis / Margoni, Francesco; Surian, Luca. - In: DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0012-1649. - 54:8(2018), pp. 1445-1455. [10.1037/dev0000538]

Infants' evaluation of prosocial and antisocial agents: A meta-analysis

Francesco Margoni;Luca Surian
2018-01-01

Abstract

Over the past decade, numerous studies have reported that infants prefer prosocial agents (those who provide help, comfort, or fairness in distributive actions) to antisocial agents (those who harm others or distribute goods unfairly). We meta-analyzed the results of published and unpublished studies on infants aged 4–32 months and estimated that approximately two infants out of three, when given a choice between a prosocial and an antisocial agent, choose the former. This preference was not significantly affected by age or other factors, such as the type of dependent variable (selective reaching or helping) or the modality of stimulus presentation (cartoons or real events). Effect size was affected by the type of familiarization events: giving/taking actions increased its magnitude compared with helping/hindering actions. There was evidence of a publication bias, suggesting that the effect size in published studies is likely to be inflated. Also, the distribution of children who chose the prosocial agent in experiments with N = 16 suggested a file-drawer problem.
2018
8
Margoni, Francesco; Surian, Luca
Infants' evaluation of prosocial and antisocial agents: A meta-analysis / Margoni, Francesco; Surian, Luca. - In: DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0012-1649. - 54:8(2018), pp. 1445-1455. [10.1037/dev0000538]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Surian_MargoniSurian2018.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 652.21 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
652.21 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri
Supplemental-Materials.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: Supplemental Materials
Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato (Other attachments)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 749.78 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
749.78 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri
Margoni & Surian meta-analysis-rev2.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pre-print non referato (Non-refereed preprint)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 2.35 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.35 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/212037
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 89
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 77
social impact