Irregular migration to or across Italy is usually associated with the idea of hundreds, sometimes thousands, of migrants crossing the Mediterranean crammed in long-worn ships barely staying afloat. Such journeys are often taken as evidence of the existence of hierarchically integrated, centralized, sophisticated, worldwide active, criminal cartels. The only problem with such received wisdoms is the fact that it is radically at odd with the available evidence, as it has little to do with the empirical reality of irregular migratory systems. This paper reviews a number of Italian Court files concerning a variety of organizations operating across both land and sea borders. It is shown how such organizations operate within a variety of local specificities and structural constraints.
|Titolo:||Schengen's Soft Underbelly? Irregular migration and Human Smuggling Across Land and Sea Borders to Italy|
|Autori:||Sciortino, Giuseppe; F., Pastore; P., Monzini|
|Titolo del periodico:||INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||4|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-33749003724|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|