Stem cell identity depends on the integration of extrinsic and intrinsic signals, which directly influence the maintenance of their epigenetic state. Although Myc transcription factors play a major role in stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency, their integration with signalling pathways and epigenetic regulators remains poorly defined. We addressed this point by profiling the gene expression and epigenetic pattern in ESCs whose growth depends on conditional Myc activity. Here we show that Myc potentiates the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway, which cooperates with the transcriptional regulatory network in sustaining ESC self-renewal. Myc activation results in the transcriptional repression of Wnt antagonists through the direct recruitment of PRC2 on these targets. The consequent potentiation of the autocrine Wnt/β-catenin signalling induces the transcriptional activation of the endogenous Myc family members, which in turn activates a Myc-driven self-reinforcing circuit. Thus, our data unravel a Myc-dependent self-propagating epigenetic memory in the maintenance of ESC self-renewal capacity.

A Myc-driven self-reinforcing regulatory network maintains mouse embryonic stem cell identity / Fagnocchi, Luca; Cherubini, Alessandro; Hatsuda, Hiroshi; Fasciani, Alessandra; Mazzoleni, Stefania; Poli, Vittoria; Berno, Valeria; Rossi, Riccardo L.; Reinbold, Rolland; Endele, Max; Schroeder, Timm; Rocchigiani, Marina; Szkarł At, Zaneta; Oliviero, Salvatore; Dalton, Stephen; Zippo, Alessio. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 7:(2016), pp. 1190301-1190317. [10.1038/ncomms11903]

A Myc-driven self-reinforcing regulatory network maintains mouse embryonic stem cell identity

Fasciani, Alessandra;Poli, Vittoria;Zippo, Alessio
2016

Abstract

Stem cell identity depends on the integration of extrinsic and intrinsic signals, which directly influence the maintenance of their epigenetic state. Although Myc transcription factors play a major role in stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency, their integration with signalling pathways and epigenetic regulators remains poorly defined. We addressed this point by profiling the gene expression and epigenetic pattern in ESCs whose growth depends on conditional Myc activity. Here we show that Myc potentiates the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway, which cooperates with the transcriptional regulatory network in sustaining ESC self-renewal. Myc activation results in the transcriptional repression of Wnt antagonists through the direct recruitment of PRC2 on these targets. The consequent potentiation of the autocrine Wnt/β-catenin signalling induces the transcriptional activation of the endogenous Myc family members, which in turn activates a Myc-driven self-reinforcing circuit. Thus, our data unravel a Myc-dependent self-propagating epigenetic memory in the maintenance of ESC self-renewal capacity.
Fagnocchi, Luca; Cherubini, Alessandro; Hatsuda, Hiroshi; Fasciani, Alessandra; Mazzoleni, Stefania; Poli, Vittoria; Berno, Valeria; Rossi, Riccardo L.; Reinbold, Rolland; Endele, Max; Schroeder, Timm; Rocchigiani, Marina; Szkarł At, Zaneta; Oliviero, Salvatore; Dalton, Stephen; Zippo, Alessio
A Myc-driven self-reinforcing regulatory network maintains mouse embryonic stem cell identity / Fagnocchi, Luca; Cherubini, Alessandro; Hatsuda, Hiroshi; Fasciani, Alessandra; Mazzoleni, Stefania; Poli, Vittoria; Berno, Valeria; Rossi, Riccardo L.; Reinbold, Rolland; Endele, Max; Schroeder, Timm; Rocchigiani, Marina; Szkarł At, Zaneta; Oliviero, Salvatore; Dalton, Stephen; Zippo, Alessio. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 7:(2016), pp. 1190301-1190317. [10.1038/ncomms11903]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/189459
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