The specific role of the phonological loop in sentence comprehension is still a matter of debate. We tested the behavioural consequences of activity disruption in left BA40 and BA44, key regions of the phonological loop, on language comprehension using 1. Hz rTMS. Comprehension was assessed by means of two tasks: a sentence-to-picture matching task, with sentences varying in length and syntactic complexity (Experiment 1), and a sentence verification task (Experiment 2). rTMS over left BA40 significantly reduced accuracy for syntactically complex sentences and long, but syntactically simpler sentences, while rTMS over left BA44 significantly reduced accuracy only for syntactically complex sentences. rTMS applied over left BA40 also impaired performance on sentences in which word order was crucial. We suggest that the neural correlates of the phonological loop, left BA40 and BA44, are both involved in the comprehension of syntactically complex sentences, while only left BA40, corresponding to the short-term store, is recruited for the comprehension of long but syntactically simple sentences. Therefore, in contrast with the dominant view, we showed that sentence comprehension is a function of the phonological loop. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

A case for the involvement of phonological loop in sentence comprehension / Romero Lauro, Leonor Josefina; Reis, J; Cohen, L; Cecchetto, C; Papagno, Costanza. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0028-3932. - 2010:14(2010), pp. 4003-4011. [10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.10.019]

A case for the involvement of phonological loop in sentence comprehension

Papagno, Costanza
2010

Abstract

The specific role of the phonological loop in sentence comprehension is still a matter of debate. We tested the behavioural consequences of activity disruption in left BA40 and BA44, key regions of the phonological loop, on language comprehension using 1. Hz rTMS. Comprehension was assessed by means of two tasks: a sentence-to-picture matching task, with sentences varying in length and syntactic complexity (Experiment 1), and a sentence verification task (Experiment 2). rTMS over left BA40 significantly reduced accuracy for syntactically complex sentences and long, but syntactically simpler sentences, while rTMS over left BA44 significantly reduced accuracy only for syntactically complex sentences. rTMS applied over left BA40 also impaired performance on sentences in which word order was crucial. We suggest that the neural correlates of the phonological loop, left BA40 and BA44, are both involved in the comprehension of syntactically complex sentences, while only left BA40, corresponding to the short-term store, is recruited for the comprehension of long but syntactically simple sentences. Therefore, in contrast with the dominant view, we showed that sentence comprehension is a function of the phonological loop. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
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Romero Lauro, Leonor Josefina; Reis, J; Cohen, L; Cecchetto, C; Papagno, Costanza
A case for the involvement of phonological loop in sentence comprehension / Romero Lauro, Leonor Josefina; Reis, J; Cohen, L; Cecchetto, C; Papagno, Costanza. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0028-3932. - 2010:14(2010), pp. 4003-4011. [10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.10.019]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/182787
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