Riverine environments, such as streams and rivers, have been reported as sources of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere mainly via microbially mediated denitrification. Our limited understanding of the relative roles of the near surface streambed sediment (hyporheic zone), benthic, and water column zones in controlling N2O production precludes predictions of N2O emissions along riverine networks. Here, we analyze N2O emissions from streams and rivers worldwide of different sizes, morphology, land cover, biomes, and climatic conditions. We show that the primary source of N2O emissions varies with stream and river size and shifts from the hyporheic–benthic zone in headwater streams to the benthic–water column zone in rivers. This analysis reveals that N2O production is bounded between two N2O emission potentials: the upper N2O emission potential results from production within the benthic–hyporheic zone, and the lower N2O emission potential reflects the production within the benthic–water column zone. By understanding the scaling nature of N2O production along riverine networks, our framework facilitates predictions of riverine N2O emissions globally using widely accessible chemical and hydromorphological datasets and thus, quantifies the effect of human activity and natural processes on N2O production.

Role of surface and subsurface processes in scaling N2O emissions along riverine networks / Marzadri, Alessandra; Dee, Martha; Tonina, Daniele; Bellin, Alberto; Tank, Jennifer. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 1091-6490. - ELETTRONICO. - 114:17(2017), pp. 4330-4335. [10.1073/pnas.1617454114]

Role of surface and subsurface processes in scaling N2O emissions along riverine networks

Marzadri, Alessandra;Tonina, Daniele;Bellin, Alberto;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Riverine environments, such as streams and rivers, have been reported as sources of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere mainly via microbially mediated denitrification. Our limited understanding of the relative roles of the near surface streambed sediment (hyporheic zone), benthic, and water column zones in controlling N2O production precludes predictions of N2O emissions along riverine networks. Here, we analyze N2O emissions from streams and rivers worldwide of different sizes, morphology, land cover, biomes, and climatic conditions. We show that the primary source of N2O emissions varies with stream and river size and shifts from the hyporheic–benthic zone in headwater streams to the benthic–water column zone in rivers. This analysis reveals that N2O production is bounded between two N2O emission potentials: the upper N2O emission potential results from production within the benthic–hyporheic zone, and the lower N2O emission potential reflects the production within the benthic–water column zone. By understanding the scaling nature of N2O production along riverine networks, our framework facilitates predictions of riverine N2O emissions globally using widely accessible chemical and hydromorphological datasets and thus, quantifies the effect of human activity and natural processes on N2O production.
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Marzadri, Alessandra; Dee, Martha; Tonina, Daniele; Bellin, Alberto; Tank, Jennifer
Role of surface and subsurface processes in scaling N2O emissions along riverine networks / Marzadri, Alessandra; Dee, Martha; Tonina, Daniele; Bellin, Alberto; Tank, Jennifer. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 1091-6490. - ELETTRONICO. - 114:17(2017), pp. 4330-4335. [10.1073/pnas.1617454114]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/172673
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