Objectives We evaluated diffusion imaging measures of the corticospinal tract obtained with a probabilistic tractography algorithm applied to data of two acquisition protocols based on different numbers of diffusion gradient directions (NDGDs). Materials and methods The corticospinal tracts (CST) of 18 healthy subjects were delineated using 22 and 66-NDGD data. An along-tract analysis of diffusion metrics was performed to detect possible local differences due to NDGD. Results FA values at 22-NDGD showed an increase along the central portion of the CST. The mean of partial volume fraction of the orientation of the second fiber (f2) was higher at 66-NDGD bilaterally because for 66-NDGD data the algorithm more readily detects dominant fiber directions beyond the first, thus the increase in FA at 22-NDGD is due to a substantially reduced detection of crossing fiber volume. However, the good spatial correlation between the tracts drawn at 22 and 66 NDGD shows that the extent of the tract can be successfully defined even at lower NDGD. Conclusions Given the spatial tract localization obtained even at 22-NDGD, local analysis of CST can be performed using a NDGD compatible with clinical protocols. The probabilistic approach was particularly powerful in evaluating crossing fibers when present.
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|Titolo:||The effect of diffusion gradient direction number on corticospinal tractography in the human brain: an along-tract analysis|
|Autori:||Testa, Claudia; Evangelisti, Stefania; Popeo, Mariagrazia; Zanigni, Stefano; Gramegna, Laura Ludovica; Fantazzini, Paola; Tonon, Caterina; Manners, David Neil; Lodi, Raffaele|
|Titolo del periodico:||MAGNETIC RESONANCE MATERIALS IN PHYSICS BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85006766317|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||28000087|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10334-016-0600-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|