In steep topography, the processes governing variably saturated subsurface hydrologic response and the interparticle stresses leading to shallow landslide initiation are physically linked. However, these processes are usually analyzed separately. Here, we take a combined approach, simultaneously ana- lyzing the influence of topography on both hillslope hydrology and the effective stress fields within the hill- slope itself. Clearly, runoff and saturated groundwater flow are dominated by gravity and, ultimately, by topography. Less clear is how landscape morphology influences flows in the vadose zone, where transient fluxes are usually taken to be vertical. We aim to assess and quantify the impact of topography on both sat- urated and unsaturated hillslope hydrology and its effects on shallow slope stability. Three real hillslope morphologies (concave, convex, and planar) are analyzed using a 3-D, physically based, distributed model coupled with a module for computation of the probability of failure, based on the infinite slope assumption. The results of the analyses, which included parameter uncertainty analysis of the results themselves, show that convex and planar slopes are more stable than concave slopes. Specifically, under the same initial, boundary, and infiltration conditions, the percentage of unstable areas ranges from 1.3% for the planar hill- slope, 21% for convex, to a maximum value of 33% for the concave morphology. The results are supported by a sensitivity analysis carried out to examine the effect of initial conditions and rainfall intensity.
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|Titolo:||Geomorphological control on variably saturated hillslope hydrology and transient stress induced slope instability|
|Autori:||Formetta, G.; Simoni, S.; Godt, J. W.; Lu, N.; Rigon, Riccardo|
|Titolo del periodico:||WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||52|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84977476065|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000380100200021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015WR017626|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|
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