Control of fire was a hallmark of developing human cognition and an essential technology for the colonisation of cooler latitudes. In Europe, the earliest evidence comes from recent work at the site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del R´ıo Qu´ıpar in south-eastern Spain. Charred and calcined bone and thermally altered chert were recovered from a deep, 0.8-million-year-old sedimentary deposit. A combination of analyses indicated that these had been heated to 400–600ºC, compatible with burning. Inspection of the sediment and hydroxyapatite also suggests combustion and degradation of the bone. The results provide new insight into Early Palaeolithic use of fire and its significance for human evolution.

Combustion at the late Early Pleistocene site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Murcia, Spain) / Walker, M. J.; Anesin, Daniela; Angelucci, Diego Ercole; Avilés Fernández, A.; Berna, F.; Buitrago López, A. T.; Fernández Jalvo, Y.; Haber Uriarte, M.; López Jiménez, A.; López Martínez, M.; Martín Lerma, I.; Ortega Rodrigáñez, J.; Polo Camacho, J. L.; Rhodes, S. E.; Richter, D.; Rodríguez Estrella, T.; Schwenninger, J. L.; Skinner, A. R.. - In: ANTIQUITY. - ISSN 0003-598X. - 90:351(2016), pp. 571-589. [10.15184/aqy.2016.91]

Combustion at the late Early Pleistocene site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Murcia, Spain)

Anesin, Daniela;Angelucci, Diego Ercole;
2016

Abstract

Control of fire was a hallmark of developing human cognition and an essential technology for the colonisation of cooler latitudes. In Europe, the earliest evidence comes from recent work at the site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del R´ıo Qu´ıpar in south-eastern Spain. Charred and calcined bone and thermally altered chert were recovered from a deep, 0.8-million-year-old sedimentary deposit. A combination of analyses indicated that these had been heated to 400–600ºC, compatible with burning. Inspection of the sediment and hydroxyapatite also suggests combustion and degradation of the bone. The results provide new insight into Early Palaeolithic use of fire and its significance for human evolution.
351
Walker, M. J.; Anesin, Daniela; Angelucci, Diego Ercole; Avilés Fernández, A.; Berna, F.; Buitrago López, A. T.; Fernández Jalvo, Y.; Haber Uriarte, M.; López Jiménez, A.; López Martínez, M.; Martín Lerma, I.; Ortega Rodrigáñez, J.; Polo Camacho, J. L.; Rhodes, S. E.; Richter, D.; Rodríguez Estrella, T.; Schwenninger, J. L.; Skinner, A. R.
Combustion at the late Early Pleistocene site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Murcia, Spain) / Walker, M. J.; Anesin, Daniela; Angelucci, Diego Ercole; Avilés Fernández, A.; Berna, F.; Buitrago López, A. T.; Fernández Jalvo, Y.; Haber Uriarte, M.; López Jiménez, A.; López Martínez, M.; Martín Lerma, I.; Ortega Rodrigáñez, J.; Polo Camacho, J. L.; Rhodes, S. E.; Richter, D.; Rodríguez Estrella, T.; Schwenninger, J. L.; Skinner, A. R.. - In: ANTIQUITY. - ISSN 0003-598X. - 90:351(2016), pp. 571-589. [10.15184/aqy.2016.91]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/144194
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