A porous coating assembled with hierarchical 3D Co3O4 urchin-like particles was synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) and thermal oxidation. Laser ablation of Co-B powder, used as the target material, in oxygen atmosphere formed core-shell particles on the coating surface with mainly a metallic Co core and a mixture of Co, B and O accommodating the shell. The thermal oxidation of these core-shell particles in air at 600 degrees C induces the morphological transformation to urchin-like particles consisting of nanowires (NWs) (diameter: 30-60 nm and length 1-3 mu m) grown radially from the core surface. The extrusion marks on the surface of NWs indicate that the stress induced growth process is caused by difference in the thermal expansion coefficient. XRD, Raman, EXAFS and HRTEM analysis confirmed that the NWs are polycrystalline consisting of pure Co3O4 phase. A wet-chemistry hydrothermal procedure was also employed to synthesize nanostructured urchin-like particles which are hollow and the structure is held together by the radially oriented nanorods (diameter: 40-150 nm). During photocatalysis, urchin-like particles synthesized by PLD displayed significantly higher (similar to 5 times) degradation rates when compared to chemical urchins for degradation of methylene blue dye via a photo-Fenton reaction in presence of H2O2 and visible light. This is mainly attributed to poor stability of the nanorods in the chemical urchin structure. Features such as high surface area, enhanced stability against agglomeration, polycrystalline nature of the NWs, porous surface and superior adhesion, are responsible for the enhanced photocatalytic activity of Co3O4 urchin-like particles assembled in a porous coating synthesized by PLD and thermal oxidation. Reusability tests also demonstrate the robust nature of the catalyst coating.

Highly photo-catalytically active hierarchical 3D porous/urchin nanostructured Co3O4 coating synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition / Edla, Raju; Patel, Nainesh Kantilal; Orlandi, Michele; Bazzanella, Nicola; Bello, V.; Maurizio, C.; Mattei, G.; Mazzoldi, P.; Miotello, Antonio. - In: APPLIED CATALYSIS. B, ENVIRONMENTAL. - ISSN 0926-3373. - STAMPA. - 166-167:(2015), pp. 475-484. [10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.11.060]

Highly photo-catalytically active hierarchical 3D porous/urchin nanostructured Co3O4 coating synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition

Edla, Raju;Patel, Nainesh Kantilal;Orlandi, Michele;Bazzanella, Nicola;Miotello, Antonio
2015

Abstract

A porous coating assembled with hierarchical 3D Co3O4 urchin-like particles was synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) and thermal oxidation. Laser ablation of Co-B powder, used as the target material, in oxygen atmosphere formed core-shell particles on the coating surface with mainly a metallic Co core and a mixture of Co, B and O accommodating the shell. The thermal oxidation of these core-shell particles in air at 600 degrees C induces the morphological transformation to urchin-like particles consisting of nanowires (NWs) (diameter: 30-60 nm and length 1-3 mu m) grown radially from the core surface. The extrusion marks on the surface of NWs indicate that the stress induced growth process is caused by difference in the thermal expansion coefficient. XRD, Raman, EXAFS and HRTEM analysis confirmed that the NWs are polycrystalline consisting of pure Co3O4 phase. A wet-chemistry hydrothermal procedure was also employed to synthesize nanostructured urchin-like particles which are hollow and the structure is held together by the radially oriented nanorods (diameter: 40-150 nm). During photocatalysis, urchin-like particles synthesized by PLD displayed significantly higher (similar to 5 times) degradation rates when compared to chemical urchins for degradation of methylene blue dye via a photo-Fenton reaction in presence of H2O2 and visible light. This is mainly attributed to poor stability of the nanorods in the chemical urchin structure. Features such as high surface area, enhanced stability against agglomeration, polycrystalline nature of the NWs, porous surface and superior adhesion, are responsible for the enhanced photocatalytic activity of Co3O4 urchin-like particles assembled in a porous coating synthesized by PLD and thermal oxidation. Reusability tests also demonstrate the robust nature of the catalyst coating.
Edla, Raju; Patel, Nainesh Kantilal; Orlandi, Michele; Bazzanella, Nicola; Bello, V.; Maurizio, C.; Mattei, G.; Mazzoldi, P.; Miotello, Antonio
Highly photo-catalytically active hierarchical 3D porous/urchin nanostructured Co3O4 coating synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition / Edla, Raju; Patel, Nainesh Kantilal; Orlandi, Michele; Bazzanella, Nicola; Bello, V.; Maurizio, C.; Mattei, G.; Mazzoldi, P.; Miotello, Antonio. - In: APPLIED CATALYSIS. B, ENVIRONMENTAL. - ISSN 0926-3373. - STAMPA. - 166-167:(2015), pp. 475-484. [10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.11.060]
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