Fine motor skills in humans require close interaction between the motor and the sensory systems. It is still not fully understood, how sensory feedback modulates motor commands. This is due to the fact, that there is no approach for investigating the sensorimotor cortical-interaction in sufficient detail. The fast and precise communication between the sensory and motor-systems requires measurements of cortical activity with high temporal and spatial resolution. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is capable of both. Previously, we showed that sensory responses, can be observed by repetitive tactile stimulation. Further, motor cortex responses can be generated by periodical increase and decrease of muscle tone. Utilizing both observations we have designed an MEG and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible stimulator allowing for the study of brain activity related to sensorimotor integration. The stimulator consists of a rotating disk with an elevation such that subject senses with his finger the speed of the disk. With the force applied by the finger onto the disk, the subject can control its speed. During the experiment the subject is asked to keep the speed of the disk constant while the driving torque is systematically manipulated. This closed-loop design is especially useful to analyze the fast and continuous information flow between the two systems. In a single case pilot study using MEG, we could show that a detailed analysis of the sensorimotor-network is possible. In contrast to existing paradigms this setup allows separate time-locked analysis of the sensory-and motor-component independently and therefore the calculation of latency parameters for both systems. In the future this method will help to understand the interaction between the two systems in much greater detail.

A non-magnetic rotating disk stimulator for the study of neuromagnetic correlates of sensorimotor interaction / Broser, Philip J; Moor, Veronika; Braun, Heinrich Christoph. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1534-4320. - STAMPA. - 23:6(2015), pp. 1078-1084. [10.1109/TNSRE.2015.2414482]

A non-magnetic rotating disk stimulator for the study of neuromagnetic correlates of sensorimotor interaction

Braun, Heinrich Christoph
2015

Abstract

Fine motor skills in humans require close interaction between the motor and the sensory systems. It is still not fully understood, how sensory feedback modulates motor commands. This is due to the fact, that there is no approach for investigating the sensorimotor cortical-interaction in sufficient detail. The fast and precise communication between the sensory and motor-systems requires measurements of cortical activity with high temporal and spatial resolution. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is capable of both. Previously, we showed that sensory responses, can be observed by repetitive tactile stimulation. Further, motor cortex responses can be generated by periodical increase and decrease of muscle tone. Utilizing both observations we have designed an MEG and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible stimulator allowing for the study of brain activity related to sensorimotor integration. The stimulator consists of a rotating disk with an elevation such that subject senses with his finger the speed of the disk. With the force applied by the finger onto the disk, the subject can control its speed. During the experiment the subject is asked to keep the speed of the disk constant while the driving torque is systematically manipulated. This closed-loop design is especially useful to analyze the fast and continuous information flow between the two systems. In a single case pilot study using MEG, we could show that a detailed analysis of the sensorimotor-network is possible. In contrast to existing paradigms this setup allows separate time-locked analysis of the sensory-and motor-component independently and therefore the calculation of latency parameters for both systems. In the future this method will help to understand the interaction between the two systems in much greater detail.
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Broser, Philip J; Moor, Veronika; Braun, Heinrich Christoph
A non-magnetic rotating disk stimulator for the study of neuromagnetic correlates of sensorimotor interaction / Broser, Philip J; Moor, Veronika; Braun, Heinrich Christoph. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1534-4320. - STAMPA. - 23:6(2015), pp. 1078-1084. [10.1109/TNSRE.2015.2414482]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/138040
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