The timing of initiation of human impacts on the global climate system is actively debated. Anthropogenic effects on the global climate system are evident since the Industrial Revolution, but humans may have altered biomass burning, and hence the climate system, for millennia. We use the specific biomarker levoglucosan to produce the first high‐temporal resolution hemispheric reconstruction of Holocene fire emissions inferred from ice core analyses. Levoglucosan recorded in the Greenland North Greenland Eemian ice core significantly increases since the last glacial, resulting in a maximum around ~2.5 ka and then decreasing until the present. Here we demonstrate that global climate drivers fail to explain late Holocene biomass burning variations and that the levoglucosan maximum centered on ~2.5 ka may be due to anthropogenic land clearance.

Europe on fire three thousand years ago: Arson or climate? / Piero, Zennaro; Natalie, Kehrwald; Jennifer, Marlon; William, F. Ruddiman; Tim, Brücher; Agostinelli, Claudio; Dorthe, Dahl Jensen; Roberta, Zangrando; Andrea, Gambaro; Barbante, Carlo. - In: GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS. - ISSN 0094-8276. - 42:12(2015), pp. 5023-5033. [10.1002/2015GL064259]

Europe on fire three thousand years ago: Arson or climate?

Agostinelli, Claudio;Barbante, Carlo
2015-01-01

Abstract

The timing of initiation of human impacts on the global climate system is actively debated. Anthropogenic effects on the global climate system are evident since the Industrial Revolution, but humans may have altered biomass burning, and hence the climate system, for millennia. We use the specific biomarker levoglucosan to produce the first high‐temporal resolution hemispheric reconstruction of Holocene fire emissions inferred from ice core analyses. Levoglucosan recorded in the Greenland North Greenland Eemian ice core significantly increases since the last glacial, resulting in a maximum around ~2.5 ka and then decreasing until the present. Here we demonstrate that global climate drivers fail to explain late Holocene biomass burning variations and that the levoglucosan maximum centered on ~2.5 ka may be due to anthropogenic land clearance.
2015
12
Piero, Zennaro; Natalie, Kehrwald; Jennifer, Marlon; William, F. Ruddiman; Tim, Brücher; Agostinelli, Claudio; Dorthe, Dahl Jensen; Roberta, Zangrando; Andrea, Gambaro; Barbante, Carlo
Europe on fire three thousand years ago: Arson or climate? / Piero, Zennaro; Natalie, Kehrwald; Jennifer, Marlon; William, F. Ruddiman; Tim, Brücher; Agostinelli, Claudio; Dorthe, Dahl Jensen; Roberta, Zangrando; Andrea, Gambaro; Barbante, Carlo. - In: GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS. - ISSN 0094-8276. - 42:12(2015), pp. 5023-5033. [10.1002/2015GL064259]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/127849
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