In the Anaerobic Side-Stream Reactor (ASSR), part of the return sludge undergoes alternating aerobic and anaerobic conditions with the aim of reducing sludge production. In this paper, viability, enzymatic activity, death and lysis of bacterial cells exposed to aerobic and anaerobic conditions for 16 d were investigated at single-cell level by flow cytometry, with the objective of contributing to the understanding of the mechanisms of sludge reduction in the ASSR systems. Results indicated that total and viable bacteria did not decrease during the anaerobic phase, indicating that anaerobiosis at ambient temperature does not produce a significant cell lysis. Bacteria decay and lysis occurred principally under aerobic conditions. The aerobic decay rate of total bacteria (bTB) was considered as the rate of generation of lysed bacteria. Values of bTB of 0.07e0.11 d1 were measured in anaerobic þ aerobic sequence. The enzymatic activity was not particularly affected by the transition from anaerobiosis to aerobiosis. Large solubilisation of COD and NH4 þ was observed only under anaerobic conditions, as a consequence of hydrolysis of organic matter, but not due to cell lysis. The observations supported the proposal of two independent mechanisms contributing equally to sludge reduction: (1) under anaerobic conditions: sludge hydrolysis of onbacterial material, (2) under aerobic conditions: bacterial cell lysis and oxidation of released biodegradable compounds.

Concerning the role of cell lysis-cryptic growth in anaerobic side-stream reactors: The single-cell analysis of viable, dead and lysed bacteria / Foladori, Paola; Velho, V. F.; Costa, R. H. R.; Bruni, L.; Quaranta, Alberto; Andreottola, Gianni. - In: WATER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0043-1354. - STAMPA. - 74:(2015), pp. 132-142. [10.1016/j.watres.2015.01.042]

Concerning the role of cell lysis-cryptic growth in anaerobic side-stream reactors: The single-cell analysis of viable, dead and lysed bacteria

Foladori, Paola;Quaranta, Alberto;Andreottola, Gianni
2015-01-01

Abstract

In the Anaerobic Side-Stream Reactor (ASSR), part of the return sludge undergoes alternating aerobic and anaerobic conditions with the aim of reducing sludge production. In this paper, viability, enzymatic activity, death and lysis of bacterial cells exposed to aerobic and anaerobic conditions for 16 d were investigated at single-cell level by flow cytometry, with the objective of contributing to the understanding of the mechanisms of sludge reduction in the ASSR systems. Results indicated that total and viable bacteria did not decrease during the anaerobic phase, indicating that anaerobiosis at ambient temperature does not produce a significant cell lysis. Bacteria decay and lysis occurred principally under aerobic conditions. The aerobic decay rate of total bacteria (bTB) was considered as the rate of generation of lysed bacteria. Values of bTB of 0.07e0.11 d1 were measured in anaerobic þ aerobic sequence. The enzymatic activity was not particularly affected by the transition from anaerobiosis to aerobiosis. Large solubilisation of COD and NH4 þ was observed only under anaerobic conditions, as a consequence of hydrolysis of organic matter, but not due to cell lysis. The observations supported the proposal of two independent mechanisms contributing equally to sludge reduction: (1) under anaerobic conditions: sludge hydrolysis of onbacterial material, (2) under aerobic conditions: bacterial cell lysis and oxidation of released biodegradable compounds.
2015
Foladori, Paola; Velho, V. F.; Costa, R. H. R.; Bruni, L.; Quaranta, Alberto; Andreottola, Gianni
Concerning the role of cell lysis-cryptic growth in anaerobic side-stream reactors: The single-cell analysis of viable, dead and lysed bacteria / Foladori, Paola; Velho, V. F.; Costa, R. H. R.; Bruni, L.; Quaranta, Alberto; Andreottola, Gianni. - In: WATER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0043-1354. - STAMPA. - 74:(2015), pp. 132-142. [10.1016/j.watres.2015.01.042]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/116289
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