This paper analyses how unstable employment influences becoming a mother in Italy and Spain. Results suggest that institutional factors foster dynamics of social inequality and hinder family formation. We show that in southern Europe (Italy and Spain), but not in other institutional contexts, the lack of employment stability produces a delay in fertility decision. We attribute this impact of the employment situation on demographic decisions to the sub-protective southern European welfare systems and the insider–outsider labor market configuration, as enhanced by the partial and targeted labor market deregulations of recent decades. In the context of low levels of welfare, unstable employment often comes with persistently reduced entitlement to social and welfare rights, and, therefore, with notable social and demographic consequences. We provide support for this institutional argument by showing that fertility decisions are independent of employment stability in other contexts. Analyses are based on longitudinal data using event history analysis and simultaneous equation models.

The Rise of a Latin Model? Family and Fertility Consequences of Employment Instability in Italy and Spain / Barbieri, Paolo; Bozzon, Rossella; Scherer, Stefani; Grotti, Raffaele; Lugo, Michele. - In: EUROPEAN SOCIETIES. - ISSN 1461-6696. - 2015, 17:4(2015), pp. 423-446. [10.1080/14616696.2015.1064147]

The Rise of a Latin Model? Family and Fertility Consequences of Employment Instability in Italy and Spain

Barbieri, Paolo;Bozzon, Rossella;Scherer, Stefani;Grotti, Raffaele;Lugo, Michele
2015

Abstract

This paper analyses how unstable employment influences becoming a mother in Italy and Spain. Results suggest that institutional factors foster dynamics of social inequality and hinder family formation. We show that in southern Europe (Italy and Spain), but not in other institutional contexts, the lack of employment stability produces a delay in fertility decision. We attribute this impact of the employment situation on demographic decisions to the sub-protective southern European welfare systems and the insider–outsider labor market configuration, as enhanced by the partial and targeted labor market deregulations of recent decades. In the context of low levels of welfare, unstable employment often comes with persistently reduced entitlement to social and welfare rights, and, therefore, with notable social and demographic consequences. We provide support for this institutional argument by showing that fertility decisions are independent of employment stability in other contexts. Analyses are based on longitudinal data using event history analysis and simultaneous equation models.
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Barbieri, Paolo; Bozzon, Rossella; Scherer, Stefani; Grotti, Raffaele; Lugo, Michele
The Rise of a Latin Model? Family and Fertility Consequences of Employment Instability in Italy and Spain / Barbieri, Paolo; Bozzon, Rossella; Scherer, Stefani; Grotti, Raffaele; Lugo, Michele. - In: EUROPEAN SOCIETIES. - ISSN 1461-6696. - 2015, 17:4(2015), pp. 423-446. [10.1080/14616696.2015.1064147]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/110416
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