We observe solitonic vortices in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) after free expansion. Clear signatures of the nature of such defects are the twisted planar density depletion around the vortex line, observed in absorption images, and the double dislocation in the interference pattern obtained through homodyne techniques. Both methods allow us to determine the sign of the quantized circulation. Experimental observations agree with numerical simulations. These solitonic vortices are the decay product of phase defects of the BEC order parameter spontaneously created after a rapid quench across the BEC transition in a cigar-shaped harmonic trap and are shown to have a very long lifetime.

Observation of Solitonic Vortices in Bose-Einstein Condensates

Donadello, Simone;Serafini, Simone;Tylutki, Marek Jan;Pitaevskii, Lev P.;Dalfovo, Franco;Lamporesi, Giacomo;Ferrari, Gabriele
2014

Abstract

We observe solitonic vortices in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) after free expansion. Clear signatures of the nature of such defects are the twisted planar density depletion around the vortex line, observed in absorption images, and the double dislocation in the interference pattern obtained through homodyne techniques. Both methods allow us to determine the sign of the quantized circulation. Experimental observations agree with numerical simulations. These solitonic vortices are the decay product of phase defects of the BEC order parameter spontaneously created after a rapid quench across the BEC transition in a cigar-shaped harmonic trap and are shown to have a very long lifetime.
113
Donadello, Simone; Serafini, Simone; Tylutki, Marek Jan; Pitaevskii, Lev P.; Dalfovo, Franco; Lamporesi, Giacomo; Ferrari, Gabriele
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PhysRevLett.113.065302.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: Articolo
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 1.52 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.52 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/110259
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 98
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 93
social impact