The fatty acid composition of marine cold-water sponges of genus Latrunculia, namely Latrunculia bocagei Ridley and Dendy, 1886, and Latrunculia biformis Kirkpatrick, 1907, for which no fatty acid data had been previously reported, has been examined. High levels of long-chain fatty acids (C24-30) with high unsaturation levels (mainly polyunsaturation), and high incidence of branched- and odd-chain fatty acids in sponges are suggested to be partially connected with their specific cell membrane requirements to surmount the negative effects of low temperatures and to enable growth in extreme environments. Furthermore, variations in the fatty acid profile at the species level may reflect variations in compositions or quantities of symbiotic microorganisms that commonly represent up to 60 % of the sponge wet weight. The fatty acid compositions of lipid-rich sponge extracts from five Latrunculia specimens dredged from the Bransfield Strait near the Antarctic Peninsula, were obtained using supercritical carbon dioxide and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-flame ionization detection. Furthermore, the antioxidant activities of these extracts were determined using the photochemiluminescent method. Along with common fatty acids, the chemical analyses revealed very long-chain fatty acids (C22, C24). Differences were seen for the fatty acid levels between both species and different specimens of the same species. The observed differences do not seem connected to the habitat depth of the specimen, but rather indicate the variations within the associated microbiome. Furthermore, these sponge extracts showed antioxidant activities, confirming that they contain lipidic compounds that strongly scavenge free radicals.
Scheda prodotto non validato
I dati visualizzati non sono stati ancora sottoposti a validazione formale da parte dello Staff di IRIS, ma sono stati ugualmente trasmessi al Sito Docente Cineca (Loginmiur).
|Titolo:||Fatty acid composition and antioxidant activity of Antarctic marine sponges of the genus Latrunculia|
|Autori:||Botić, Tanja; Cör, Darija; Anesi, Andrea; Guella, Graziano; Sepčić, Kristina; Janussen, Dorte; Kersken, Daniel; Knez, Željko|
|Titolo del periodico:||POLAR BIOLOGY|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||38|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84940960081|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000360758200005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1722-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|
File in questo prodotto:
|PolarBiology_2015.pdf||Post-print referato (Refereed author’s manuscript)||Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)||Administrator|