To understand the nature of age-related changes in enumeration abilities we measured two ERP responses -N2pc and CDA, associated respectively to attentive individuation and VWM- and posterior alpha band (8-15 Hz) event-related desynchronization (ERD), traditionally linked to enhanced target processing. Two groups of old and young participants enumerated a variable number (1-6) of targets presented among distractors. Older participants were less accurate in enumerating targets. ERP results in old participants showed a suppression of N2pc amplitudes for all numerosities, and a decrease in CDA only for the largest set (4-6 targets). In contrast with the pattern for young adults, time/frequency results on older adults revealed neither a modulation of alpha oscillations as a function of target numerosity, nor an effect of ERD lateralization. These patterns indicate that both attention and working memory contribute to the age-related decline in enumeration, and point to an overall decrease in the activity of the visual areas responsible for the processing of the hemifield where the relevant objects are presented.

Electrophysiological correlates of subitizing in healthy aging / Pagano, Silvia; Fait, Elisa; Monti, Alessia; Brignani, D; Mazza, Veronica. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:6(2015), pp. e013106301-e013106313. [10.1371/journal.pone.0131063]

Electrophysiological correlates of subitizing in healthy aging

Pagano, Silvia;Fait, Elisa;Monti, Alessia;Mazza, Veronica
2015

Abstract

To understand the nature of age-related changes in enumeration abilities we measured two ERP responses -N2pc and CDA, associated respectively to attentive individuation and VWM- and posterior alpha band (8-15 Hz) event-related desynchronization (ERD), traditionally linked to enhanced target processing. Two groups of old and young participants enumerated a variable number (1-6) of targets presented among distractors. Older participants were less accurate in enumerating targets. ERP results in old participants showed a suppression of N2pc amplitudes for all numerosities, and a decrease in CDA only for the largest set (4-6 targets). In contrast with the pattern for young adults, time/frequency results on older adults revealed neither a modulation of alpha oscillations as a function of target numerosity, nor an effect of ERD lateralization. These patterns indicate that both attention and working memory contribute to the age-related decline in enumeration, and point to an overall decrease in the activity of the visual areas responsible for the processing of the hemifield where the relevant objects are presented.
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Pagano, Silvia; Fait, Elisa; Monti, Alessia; Brignani, D; Mazza, Veronica
Electrophysiological correlates of subitizing in healthy aging / Pagano, Silvia; Fait, Elisa; Monti, Alessia; Brignani, D; Mazza, Veronica. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:6(2015), pp. e013106301-e013106313. [10.1371/journal.pone.0131063]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/109691
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