This paper considers the increased inci dence of insecure job conditions for young individuals entering the Italian labour market and their chances of moving to a more secure job after a reasonable period of time. In particular, we investigate empirically whether and how long-term changes in labour market institut ions and conditions have altered the role of the family of origin in both labour market entry and subsequent transitions. We use the Italian Households Longitudina l Study (Ilfi) and show that employment opportunities have changed significantly in Italy over the past th ree decades (from the late 1970s to the early 2000s). For an increasing share of young adults precariousness extend s over a fairly long period of their working lif e. The family of origin reduced th e probability of insecurity both in the early 1980s and during the 1990s, but in a different way: in the early 1980s, it had an effect in the entry year, but not subsequently; after the implementation of the Treu reform, its effect appeared only in the years following that of entry. Our overall results suggest that the rapid expansion of insecure contractual arra ngements in the 1990s-ear ly 2000s has increased the difficulty of transitioning to a “better” j ob condition (i.e. secure employment). This has enhanced the role of the family of origin in overcoming the difficulty and generated new inequalities among young Italians.
Changing labour market opportunities for young people in Italy and the role of the family of origin / Berloffa, Gabriella; Modena, Francesca; Villa, Paola. - STAMPA. - 998(2015).
|Titolo:||Changing labour market opportunities for young people in Italy and the role of the family of origin.|
|Autori:||Berloffa, Gabriella; Modena, Francesca; Villa, Paola|
|Luogo di edizione:||Roma|
|Casa editrice:||Banca d'Italia|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Citazione:||Changing labour market opportunities for young people in Italy and the role of the family of origin / Berloffa, Gabriella; Modena, Francesca; Villa, Paola. - STAMPA. - 998(2015).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||07.2 Altre pubblicazioni (Other types of publications)|
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