The syntax of Cimbrian, a Germanic heritage language spoken in the North-East of Italy, is at a very peculiar developmental stage: on the one hand it has lost the V2 linear restriction, but still maintains both pronominal subject inversion (Vfin-pron) and a residual word order asymmetry (main versus embedded word order pattern); on the other, it is characterized by both ‘free’ subject inversion (VP DP) and the systematic violation of the ‘that-trace’ filter, but does not allow any kind of null subject. This very specific mixture of both V2- and pro-drop properties gives us an opportunity to revisit the traditional assumption that Germanic V2 (i.e.: word order restriction due to mandatory Vfin to C movement in the root context) is incompatible with full pro-drop. On the basis of the Cimbrian data, we propose that the development of pro-drop crucially depends on the loss of V-to-Fin movement and, consequently, on the lowering of structural subject agreement within TP so that the whole complex process of feature sharing (KEEP, SHARE, DONATE) between C and I is restructured, changing from a C-dominant system to an I-dominant system.

Developing pro-drop: the case of Cimbrian / Bidese, Ermenegildo; Tomaselli, Alessandra. - STAMPA. - (2018), pp. 52-69.

Developing pro-drop: the case of Cimbrian

Bidese, Ermenegildo;
2018

Abstract

The syntax of Cimbrian, a Germanic heritage language spoken in the North-East of Italy, is at a very peculiar developmental stage: on the one hand it has lost the V2 linear restriction, but still maintains both pronominal subject inversion (Vfin-pron) and a residual word order asymmetry (main versus embedded word order pattern); on the other, it is characterized by both ‘free’ subject inversion (VP DP) and the systematic violation of the ‘that-trace’ filter, but does not allow any kind of null subject. This very specific mixture of both V2- and pro-drop properties gives us an opportunity to revisit the traditional assumption that Germanic V2 (i.e.: word order restriction due to mandatory Vfin to C movement in the root context) is incompatible with full pro-drop. On the basis of the Cimbrian data, we propose that the development of pro-drop crucially depends on the loss of V-to-Fin movement and, consequently, on the lowering of structural subject agreement within TP so that the whole complex process of feature sharing (KEEP, SHARE, DONATE) between C and I is restructured, changing from a C-dominant system to an I-dominant system.
Null Subjects in Generative Grammar: a Synchronic and Diachronic Perspective
Oxford
Oxford University Press
9780198815853
Bidese, Ermenegildo; Tomaselli, Alessandra
Developing pro-drop: the case of Cimbrian / Bidese, Ermenegildo; Tomaselli, Alessandra. - STAMPA. - (2018), pp. 52-69.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bidese_Tomaselli_2018_Pro_drop.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: File finale.
Tipologia: Post-print referato (Refereed author’s manuscript)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 992.95 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
992.95 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/98330
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact