In the last decades one of the most widespread language policies which are generally meant to halt the decline of regional languages and small minority varieties has been the development of a nor-mative orthography as well as the drawing up of descriptive grammars and dictionaries (see Iannac-caro/Dell’Aquila 2002 and Dell’Aquila/Iannaccaro 2004 among others). Such a process of standard-ization has been also implemented for the three minority languages spoken in the Province of Trento in Northern Italy; firstly for the Ladin variety of the Fassa Valley (see Chiocchetti 1992) and more recently for the two German(ic) languages spoken in this area: Mòcheno in the Fersina Valley (Rowley 2003) and Cimbrian in the small enclave of Lusérn (Panieri et al 2006). As is the case with many unwritten languages or varieties with a limited written tradition, the adoption of a normative orthography in 2006 has provoked a controversial debate in Lusérn. In my contribution, I expound first the orthography adopted for the Cimbrian of Lusérn discussing the “reasons of the experts”, i.e. the graphemic choices and their linguistic justification as well as some inconsistencies. Secondly, I seek to examine the orthographic rule from the perspective of the users, above all, pointing out their tacit orthography systems. As a matter of fact, three orthographic traditions have been coexisting in Lusérn: a German, an Italian and an autochthonous one. These traditions implicitly influence the writing of Cimbrian and clash with the reason of linguistics resulting in rejection of the standardiza-tion proposed by the experts.
|Titolo:||La guerra della <s> e della <z> a Luserna: il valore iconico dell’ortografia nel processo di standardizzazione di una varietà alloglotta germanica in Italia|
|Titolo del volume contenente il saggio:||Elaborazione ortografica delle varietà non standard: esperienze spontanee in Italia e all'estero|
|Luogo di edizione:||Bergamo|
|Casa editrice:||Sestante (Bergamo University Press)|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02.1 Saggio su volume miscellaneo o Capitolo di libro (Essay or Book Chapter)|