Survey of the eastern and northern area of Oued Jenane, near the east side of Lake Tonga (Oued el-Hout), of the area of Oum Theboul (Dredir, Segleb) led to the discovery of 40 sites, including: 1. a rock shelter and 8 concentrations of prehistoric tools; 2. 28 isolated farms and 8 concentrations of farms, including 85 mills in total consisting of 255 monolithic elements built during the Roman period and used until the end of the Byzantine period: 3. 5 protohistoric tombs (bazinas); 4. 2 Roman tombs with funerary inscription mentioning the name of the deceased; 5. 4 rock cut sarcophagi, two of which also provided with a lithic lid. The density of ancient sites with structures still standing and visible on the surface of the slope around Lake Tonga seems the same if not higher than that of Oued Jenane: more than 2 sites per km2. The chronology of the discovered sites covers almost all prehistoric and historic periods: Paleolithic, Epipalaeolithic, protohistoric, Punic, Roman, Byzantine, medieval and modern. The pottery found on the surface is Punic (2 amphora rims), late Roman and Byzantine (late IV cent.- early V cent. AD- VI century AD) and medieval. The typology of the sites varies from farms, presses, farms associated with graves. Many farms built in opus africanum were partially revised, restructured and fortified in Byzantine period, with the use of ancient ashlar blocks arranged in two rows in walls of considerable thickness. The function of the Byzantine buildings is not always obvious, but their dominant position in the territory in some cases is assumed that new structures were designed to control the passage and defend the property in case of attack outside (Tebaibia).
|Titolo:||Projet Carte Archéologique de l’Est Algérien 2003-2007. Compte rendu de la deuxième campagne 2 juin- 6 août 2004|
|Autori:||Raaijmakers, Mariette; Attoui, Redha|
|Luogo di edizione:||Trento|
|Casa editrice:||Università degli Studi - Laboratorio di Archeologia e Scienze Affini|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||07.1 Rapporto di ricerca (Project Report)|