After several waves of democratic expansion and consolidation in European states (Huntington, 1991), democratic politics appears to be in retreat throughout the continent. This chapter adopts a perspective that complements the focus on issues concerning the Rule of Law in EU member-states by considering other sources and aspects of ‘democratic malaise’ in the EU. While it has become evident that Eurosceptic/populist governments, particularly in Central-Eastern Europe (CEE), have manifested illiberal tendencies (Kochenov and Bard, 2020), it cannot be omitted that European integration has, in the first place, produced a ‘deficit’ in European democracy (Weiler et al., 1995; Follesdal and Hix, 2006; Mair, 2013). Indeed, current EU politics can be seen as a polarized confrontation between Undemocratic Liberalism, in the form of EU elitism, and Illiberal Democracy, in the form of authoritarian Eurosceptic populism (Mudde, 2021). In fact, in recent years, a growing recurse to (or appetite for) illiberal measures can also be attributed to political actors/institutions that are neither necessarily populist nor Eurosceptic. In a context of polycrises—and the consequent ‘crisification of policy-making’ (Rhinard, 2019)—a series of emergency measures and pressing requests for more dictatorial politics have been adopted and advanced also by ‘mainstream’ voices, casting a gloomy picture on the state and fate of liberal democracy in Europe (Goetz and Martinsen, 2021).

Democracy in Europe: Between a Rock and a Hard Place / Massetti, Emanuele. - STAMPA. - (2024), pp. 55-72. [10.1007/978-3-031-55322-6_4]

Democracy in Europe: Between a Rock and a Hard Place

Massetti, Emanuele
2024-01-01

Abstract

After several waves of democratic expansion and consolidation in European states (Huntington, 1991), democratic politics appears to be in retreat throughout the continent. This chapter adopts a perspective that complements the focus on issues concerning the Rule of Law in EU member-states by considering other sources and aspects of ‘democratic malaise’ in the EU. While it has become evident that Eurosceptic/populist governments, particularly in Central-Eastern Europe (CEE), have manifested illiberal tendencies (Kochenov and Bard, 2020), it cannot be omitted that European integration has, in the first place, produced a ‘deficit’ in European democracy (Weiler et al., 1995; Follesdal and Hix, 2006; Mair, 2013). Indeed, current EU politics can be seen as a polarized confrontation between Undemocratic Liberalism, in the form of EU elitism, and Illiberal Democracy, in the form of authoritarian Eurosceptic populism (Mudde, 2021). In fact, in recent years, a growing recurse to (or appetite for) illiberal measures can also be attributed to political actors/institutions that are neither necessarily populist nor Eurosceptic. In a context of polycrises—and the consequent ‘crisification of policy-making’ (Rhinard, 2019)—a series of emergency measures and pressing requests for more dictatorial politics have been adopted and advanced also by ‘mainstream’ voices, casting a gloomy picture on the state and fate of liberal democracy in Europe (Goetz and Martinsen, 2021).
2024
The Rule of Law in the EU: Challenges, Actors and Strategies
Cham, CH
Springer
978-3-031-55321-9
978-3-031-55322-6
Massetti, Emanuele
Democracy in Europe: Between a Rock and a Hard Place / Massetti, Emanuele. - STAMPA. - (2024), pp. 55-72. [10.1007/978-3-031-55322-6_4]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Massetti_Democracy in Europe_Between a Rock and Hard Place_2024.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 328.6 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
328.6 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/416350
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact