In the framework of the recent Directive 844/2018, practitioner often rely on Building Energy Simulation (BES) combined with Multi-Objective Optimization (MOO) to find optimal energy saving measures for building retrofits. However, occupant behaviour is usually oversimplified as a static schedule provided by technical standards mainly developed for energy certification. This can lead to a significant gap between the performance of the optimal designed solution and its actual performance. In this study, we investigate how detailed user-behaviour profiles - e.g. static, probabilistic, and adaptive models - for the operation of windows impact on the optimal retrofit strategy. While the standard and adaptive model use a base ventilation rate like a constraint for indoor air quality (IAQ), the probabilistic models rely solely on the occupant actions on windows. The results demonstrate that the behavioural models result in major differences in indoor comfort conditions. Optimal solutions defined through probabilistic models are likely to be not very robust to the ventilation rate showing the potential for performance gaps. The importance of realistic user behaviour representation is highlighted to raise awareness about its influence on the full potential of retrofitting a building, maybe excluding those solutions that could majorly improve comfort.

Impact of Occupant Behaviour on Performance Optimized Building Retrofits / Donges, J.; Prada, A.; Cappelletti, F.; Gasparella, A.. - In: BUILDING SIMULATION CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 2522-2708. - 17:(2022), pp. 3686-3693. (Intervento presentato al convegno 17th IBPSA Conference on Building Simulation, BS 2021 tenutosi a Bruges, Belgium nel 2021) [10.26868/25222708.2021.30965].

Impact of Occupant Behaviour on Performance Optimized Building Retrofits

Prada A.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In the framework of the recent Directive 844/2018, practitioner often rely on Building Energy Simulation (BES) combined with Multi-Objective Optimization (MOO) to find optimal energy saving measures for building retrofits. However, occupant behaviour is usually oversimplified as a static schedule provided by technical standards mainly developed for energy certification. This can lead to a significant gap between the performance of the optimal designed solution and its actual performance. In this study, we investigate how detailed user-behaviour profiles - e.g. static, probabilistic, and adaptive models - for the operation of windows impact on the optimal retrofit strategy. While the standard and adaptive model use a base ventilation rate like a constraint for indoor air quality (IAQ), the probabilistic models rely solely on the occupant actions on windows. The results demonstrate that the behavioural models result in major differences in indoor comfort conditions. Optimal solutions defined through probabilistic models are likely to be not very robust to the ventilation rate showing the potential for performance gaps. The importance of realistic user behaviour representation is highlighted to raise awareness about its influence on the full potential of retrofitting a building, maybe excluding those solutions that could majorly improve comfort.
2022
Proceedings of the 17th IBPSA Conference
Bruges, Belgium
International Building Performance Simulation Association
978-1-7750520-2-9
Donges, J.; Prada, A.; Cappelletti, F.; Gasparella, A.
Impact of Occupant Behaviour on Performance Optimized Building Retrofits / Donges, J.; Prada, A.; Cappelletti, F.; Gasparella, A.. - In: BUILDING SIMULATION CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 2522-2708. - 17:(2022), pp. 3686-3693. (Intervento presentato al convegno 17th IBPSA Conference on Building Simulation, BS 2021 tenutosi a Bruges, Belgium nel 2021) [10.26868/25222708.2021.30965].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/384471
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