Forests, cars and orchestras are very different ontological entities, and yet very similar in some aspects. The relationships they have with the elements they are composed of is often assumed to be reducible to standard ontological relations, like parthood and constitution, but how this could be done is still debated. This paper sheds light on the issue starting from a linguistic and philosophical analysis aimed at understanding notions like plurality, collective and composite, and proposing a formal approach to characterise them. We conclude the presentation with a discussion and analysis of social groups within this framework.

Pluralities, Collectives, and Composites / Masolo, C.; Vieu, L.; Ferrario, R.; Borgo, S.; Porello, D.. - 330:(2020), pp. 186-200. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 11th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems, FOIS 2020 tenutosi a Bolzano nel 13-17/07/2021 [10.3233/FAIA200671].

Pluralities, Collectives, and Composites

Masolo C.;Vieu L.;Ferrario R.;Borgo S.;
2020

Abstract

Forests, cars and orchestras are very different ontological entities, and yet very similar in some aspects. The relationships they have with the elements they are composed of is often assumed to be reducible to standard ontological relations, like parthood and constitution, but how this could be done is still debated. This paper sheds light on the issue starting from a linguistic and philosophical analysis aimed at understanding notions like plurality, collective and composite, and proposing a formal approach to characterise them. We conclude the presentation with a discussion and analysis of social groups within this framework.
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
Amsterdam
IOS Press BV
9781643681283
9781643681290
Masolo, C.; Vieu, L.; Ferrario, R.; Borgo, S.; Porello, D.
Pluralities, Collectives, and Composites / Masolo, C.; Vieu, L.; Ferrario, R.; Borgo, S.; Porello, D.. - 330:(2020), pp. 186-200. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 11th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems, FOIS 2020 tenutosi a Bolzano nel 13-17/07/2021 [10.3233/FAIA200671].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/336596
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