Cosmic reheating describes the transition of the post-inflationary universe to a hot and thermal state. In order to shed light on the nature of this process, we propose a quantum simulation of cosmic reheating in an ultracold Bose gas. In our model, the inflaton field dynamics is mapped onto that of an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate whose excitations are identified with the particles produced by the decaying inflaton field. The expansion of the universe as well as the oscillations of the inflaton field are encoded in the time-dependence of the atomic interactions, which can be tuned experimentally via Feshbach resonances. As we illustrate by means of classical-statistical simulations for the case of two spatial dimensions, the dynamics of the atomic system exhibits the characteristic stages of far-from-equilibrium reheating, including the amplification of fluctuations via parametric instabilities and the subsequent turbulent transport of energy towards higher momenta. The transport is governed by a non-thermal fixed point showing universal self-similar time evolution as well as a transient regime of prescaling with time-dependent scaling exponents. While the classical- statistical simulations can only capture the earlier stages of the dynamics for weak couplings, the proposed experimental implementation provides a protocol for the quantum simulation of the entire evolution even beyond the weak coupling regime.
Analog reheating of the early universe in the laboratory / Chatrchyan, Aleksandr; Geier, Kevin; Oberthaler, Markus K.; Berges, Jürgen; Hauke, Philipp. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020).
|Titolo:||Analog reheating of the early universe in the laboratory|
|Autori:||Chatrchyan, Aleksandr; Geier, Kevin; Oberthaler, Markus K.; Berges, Jürgen; Hauke, Philipp|
|Luogo di edizione:||Italy|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||Analog reheating of the early universe in the laboratory / Chatrchyan, Aleksandr; Geier, Kevin; Oberthaler, Markus K.; Berges, Jürgen; Hauke, Philipp. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||07.2 Altre pubblicazioni (Other types of publications)|