New Ps spectroscopy measurements, formation of antihydrogen for antimatter-matter comparison experiments, production of Ps beams require the efficient production of cooled positronium in vacuum. At present the most efficient positron-positronium converters are silica based ordered or disordered porous materials, in which formed Ps decreases its kinetic energy by collisional cooling. Recently new positron-positronium converters based on oxidized nanochannels in silicon were found to be very promising because of the tunability of the nanochannel size, which allows to overcome the limits imposed to the Ps cooling by the quantum confinement. With these converters, Ps with temperatures as low as 150 K was detected in vacuum by a TOF apparatus. The Ps formation, quantum confinement, collisional cooling and emission into vacuum from nanochanneled silicon will be discussed in light of recent results.

Positronium cooling at cryogenic temperature for advanced experiments

Brusa, Roberto Sennen;Di Noto, Lea;Mariazzi, S.;
2014

Abstract

New Ps spectroscopy measurements, formation of antihydrogen for antimatter-matter comparison experiments, production of Ps beams require the efficient production of cooled positronium in vacuum. At present the most efficient positron-positronium converters are silica based ordered or disordered porous materials, in which formed Ps decreases its kinetic energy by collisional cooling. Recently new positron-positronium converters based on oxidized nanochannels in silicon were found to be very promising because of the tunability of the nanochannel size, which allows to overcome the limits imposed to the Ps cooling by the quantum confinement. With these converters, Ps with temperatures as low as 150 K was detected in vacuum by a TOF apparatus. The Ps formation, quantum confinement, collisional cooling and emission into vacuum from nanochanneled silicon will be discussed in light of recent results.
Journal of Physics Conference Series Volume: 505 Article Number: 012038
IOP PUBLISHING LTD, DIRAC HOUSE, TEMPLE BACK, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Institute of Physics Publishing
Brusa, Roberto Sennen; Di Noto, Lea; Mariazzi, S.; Nebbia, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/116994
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