The problem of managing evolving data has attracted considerable research attention. Researchers have focused on the modeling and querying of schema/instance-level structural changes, such as, addition, deletion and modification of attributes. Databases with such a functionality are known as temporal databases. A limitation of the temporal databases is that they treat changes as independent events, while often the appearance (or elimination) of some structure in the database is the result of an evolution of some existing structure. We claim that maintaining the causal relationship between the two structures is of major importance since it allows additional reasoning to be performed and answers to be generated for queries that previously had no answers. We present here a novel framework for exploiting the evolution relationships between the structures in the database. In particular, our system combines different structures that are associated through evolution relationships into virtual structures to be used during query answering. The virtual structures define "possible" database instances, in a fashion similar to the possible worlds in the probabilistic databases. The framework includes a query answering mechanism that allows queries to be answered over these possible databases without materializing them. Evaluation of such queries raises many interesting technical challenges, since it requires the discovery of Steiner forests on the evolution graphs. On this problem we have designed and implemented a new dynamic programming algorithm with exponential complexity in the size of the input query and polynomial complexity in terms of both the attribute and the evolution data sizes.
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|Titolo:||Supporting queries spanning across phases of evolving artifacts using Steiner forests|
|Autori:||Bykau, Siarhei; J., Mylopolous; F., Rizzolo; Velegrakis, Ioannis|
|Autore/i del libro:||AA. VV.|
|Titolo del volume contenente il saggio:||Proceedings of CIKM 2011|
|Luogo di edizione:||New York|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-83055186839|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.1 Saggio in atti di convegno (Paper in proceedings)|