Previous electroencephalographic and brain stimulation studies have shown that anger responses may be differently lateralized in the prefrontal cortex, with outward-oriented responses (externalized anger) linked to left prefrontal activity, and inward-oriented responses (internalized anger) linked to right prefrontal activity. However, the specific neural structures involved in this asymmetry, and how they interact to produce individual differences, remain unexplored. Furthermore, it is unclear whether such asymmetry may also be explained by general behavioral tendencies known as Behavioral Activation and Behavioral Inhibition Systems (BIS/BAS). Therefore, we analyzed the tendency of externalizing and internalizing anger, respectively measured by the Anger-Out and Anger-In subscales of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, with the patterns of functional connectivity at rest of 71 participants. A left prefrontal resting-state functional connectivity pattern was found for externalizing anger (Anger-Out), including the left inferior frontal gyrus and the left frontal eye fields. By contrast, a right prefrontal resting-state functional connectivity pattern was found for internalizing anger (Anger-In), including the rostral and lateral prefrontal cortex, the orbitofrontal cortex, the frontal pole, the superior, middle and inferior frontal gyri and the anterior cingulate. Notably, these patterns were not associated with the BIS/BAS scores. In this study, for the first time, we provide evidence using fMRI functional connectivity for two specific lateralized circuits contributing to individual differences in externalizing and internalizing anger. These results confirm and extend the asymmetry hypothesis for anger and have notable implications in the treatment of anger-related problems.

Evidence for Lateralized Functional Connectivity Patterns at Rest Related to the Tendency of Externalizing or Internalizing Anger / Consolini, Jennifer; Sorella, Sara; Grecucci, Alessandro. - In: COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1531-135X. - ELETTRONICO. - 1:1(In corso di stampa), pp. 1-15.

Evidence for Lateralized Functional Connectivity Patterns at Rest Related to the Tendency of Externalizing or Internalizing Anger

Sara Sorella;Alessandro Grecucci
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Previous electroencephalographic and brain stimulation studies have shown that anger responses may be differently lateralized in the prefrontal cortex, with outward-oriented responses (externalized anger) linked to left prefrontal activity, and inward-oriented responses (internalized anger) linked to right prefrontal activity. However, the specific neural structures involved in this asymmetry, and how they interact to produce individual differences, remain unexplored. Furthermore, it is unclear whether such asymmetry may also be explained by general behavioral tendencies known as Behavioral Activation and Behavioral Inhibition Systems (BIS/BAS). Therefore, we analyzed the tendency of externalizing and internalizing anger, respectively measured by the Anger-Out and Anger-In subscales of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, with the patterns of functional connectivity at rest of 71 participants. A left prefrontal resting-state functional connectivity pattern was found for externalizing anger (Anger-Out), including the left inferior frontal gyrus and the left frontal eye fields. By contrast, a right prefrontal resting-state functional connectivity pattern was found for internalizing anger (Anger-In), including the rostral and lateral prefrontal cortex, the orbitofrontal cortex, the frontal pole, the superior, middle and inferior frontal gyri and the anterior cingulate. Notably, these patterns were not associated with the BIS/BAS scores. In this study, for the first time, we provide evidence using fMRI functional connectivity for two specific lateralized circuits contributing to individual differences in externalizing and internalizing anger. These results confirm and extend the asymmetry hypothesis for anger and have notable implications in the treatment of anger-related problems.
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Consolini, Jennifer; Sorella, Sara; Grecucci, Alessandro
Evidence for Lateralized Functional Connectivity Patterns at Rest Related to the Tendency of Externalizing or Internalizing Anger / Consolini, Jennifer; Sorella, Sara; Grecucci, Alessandro. - In: COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1531-135X. - ELETTRONICO. - 1:1(In corso di stampa), pp. 1-15.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/341567
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