The aim of the present work was to investigate the mechanisms of radiation-induced bystander signalling leading to apoptosis in non-irradiated co-cultured cells. Cultured non-transformed cells were irradiated, and the effect on the apoptosis rate on co-cultured non-irradiated malignant cells was determined. For this, two different levels of the investigation are presented, i.e. release of signalling proteins and transcriptomic profiling of the irradiated and non-irradiated co-cultured cells. Concerning the signalling proteins, in this study, the attention was focussed on the release of the active and latent forms of the transforming growth factor-β1 protein. Moreover, global gene expression profiles of non-transformed and transformed cells in untreated co-cultures were compared with those of 0.5-Gy-irradiated non-transformed cells co-cultured with the transformed cells. The results show an effect of radiation on the release of signalling proteins in the medium, although no significant differences in release rates were detectable when varying the doses in the range from 0.25 to 1 Gy. Moreover, gene expression results suggest an effect of radiation on both cell populations, pointing out specific signalling pathways that might be involved in the enhanced induction of apoptosis.

Mechanisms of the induction of apoptosis mediated by radiation-induced cytokine release / Babini, G.; Bellinzona, V. E.; Morini, J.; Baiocco, G.; Mariotti, L.; Unger, K.; Ottolenghi, A.. - In: RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY. - ISSN 0144-8420. - 166:1-4(2015), pp. 165-169. [10.1093/rpd/ncv133]

Mechanisms of the induction of apoptosis mediated by radiation-induced cytokine release

Bellinzona V. E.;
2015

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to investigate the mechanisms of radiation-induced bystander signalling leading to apoptosis in non-irradiated co-cultured cells. Cultured non-transformed cells were irradiated, and the effect on the apoptosis rate on co-cultured non-irradiated malignant cells was determined. For this, two different levels of the investigation are presented, i.e. release of signalling proteins and transcriptomic profiling of the irradiated and non-irradiated co-cultured cells. Concerning the signalling proteins, in this study, the attention was focussed on the release of the active and latent forms of the transforming growth factor-β1 protein. Moreover, global gene expression profiles of non-transformed and transformed cells in untreated co-cultures were compared with those of 0.5-Gy-irradiated non-transformed cells co-cultured with the transformed cells. The results show an effect of radiation on the release of signalling proteins in the medium, although no significant differences in release rates were detectable when varying the doses in the range from 0.25 to 1 Gy. Moreover, gene expression results suggest an effect of radiation on both cell populations, pointing out specific signalling pathways that might be involved in the enhanced induction of apoptosis.
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Babini, G.; Bellinzona, V. E.; Morini, J.; Baiocco, G.; Mariotti, L.; Unger, K.; Ottolenghi, A.
Mechanisms of the induction of apoptosis mediated by radiation-induced cytokine release / Babini, G.; Bellinzona, V. E.; Morini, J.; Baiocco, G.; Mariotti, L.; Unger, K.; Ottolenghi, A.. - In: RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY. - ISSN 0144-8420. - 166:1-4(2015), pp. 165-169. [10.1093/rpd/ncv133]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/320198
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