To implement a multi-field-optimization (MFO) technique for treating patients with high-Z implants in pencil beam scanning proton-therapy and generate treatment plans that avoids small implants. Two main issues were addressed: (i) the assessment of the optimal CT acquisition and segmentation technique to define the dimension of the implant and (ii) the distance of pencil beams from the implant (avoidance margin) to assure that it does not affect dose distribution. Different CT reconstruction protocols (by O-MAR or standard reconstruction and by 12 bit or 16 bit dynamic range) followed by thresholding segmentation were tested on a phantom with lead spheres of different sizes. The proper avoidance margin was assessed on a dedicated phantoms of different materials (copper/tantalum and lead), shape (square slabs and spheres) and detectors (two-dimensional array chamber and radio-chromic films). The method was then demonstrated on a head-and-neck carcinoma patient, who underwent carotid artery embolization with a platinum coil close to the target. Regardless the application of O-MAR reconstruction, the CT protocol with a full 16 bit dynamic range allowed better estimation of the sphere volumes, with maximal error around -5% in the greater sphere only. Except the configuration with a shallow target (which required a pre-absorber), particularly with a retracted snout, an avoidance margin of around 0.9-1.3 cm allowed to keep the difference between planned and measured dose below 5-10%. The patient plan analysis showed adequate plan quality and confirmed effective implant avoidance. Potential target under-dosage can be produced by patient misalignment, which could be minimized by daily alignment on the implant, identifiable on orthogonal kilovolt images. By implant avoidance MFO it was possible to minimize potential dose perturbation effects produced by small high-Z implants. An advantage of such approach lies in its potential applicability for any type of implant, regardless the precise knowledge of its composition.

An avoidance method to minimize dose perturbation effects in proton pencil beam scanning treatment of patients with small high-Z implants / Fellin, F.; Artoni, M.; Righetto, R.; Bellinzona, V. E.; Widesott, L.; Dionisi, F.; Farace, P.. - In: PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-9155. - 65:14(2020), p. 14NT01. [10.1088/1361-6560/ab9775]

An avoidance method to minimize dose perturbation effects in proton pencil beam scanning treatment of patients with small high-Z implants

Artoni M.;Bellinzona V. E.;
2020

Abstract

To implement a multi-field-optimization (MFO) technique for treating patients with high-Z implants in pencil beam scanning proton-therapy and generate treatment plans that avoids small implants. Two main issues were addressed: (i) the assessment of the optimal CT acquisition and segmentation technique to define the dimension of the implant and (ii) the distance of pencil beams from the implant (avoidance margin) to assure that it does not affect dose distribution. Different CT reconstruction protocols (by O-MAR or standard reconstruction and by 12 bit or 16 bit dynamic range) followed by thresholding segmentation were tested on a phantom with lead spheres of different sizes. The proper avoidance margin was assessed on a dedicated phantoms of different materials (copper/tantalum and lead), shape (square slabs and spheres) and detectors (two-dimensional array chamber and radio-chromic films). The method was then demonstrated on a head-and-neck carcinoma patient, who underwent carotid artery embolization with a platinum coil close to the target. Regardless the application of O-MAR reconstruction, the CT protocol with a full 16 bit dynamic range allowed better estimation of the sphere volumes, with maximal error around -5% in the greater sphere only. Except the configuration with a shallow target (which required a pre-absorber), particularly with a retracted snout, an avoidance margin of around 0.9-1.3 cm allowed to keep the difference between planned and measured dose below 5-10%. The patient plan analysis showed adequate plan quality and confirmed effective implant avoidance. Potential target under-dosage can be produced by patient misalignment, which could be minimized by daily alignment on the implant, identifiable on orthogonal kilovolt images. By implant avoidance MFO it was possible to minimize potential dose perturbation effects produced by small high-Z implants. An advantage of such approach lies in its potential applicability for any type of implant, regardless the precise knowledge of its composition.
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Fellin, F.; Artoni, M.; Righetto, R.; Bellinzona, V. E.; Widesott, L.; Dionisi, F.; Farace, P.
An avoidance method to minimize dose perturbation effects in proton pencil beam scanning treatment of patients with small high-Z implants / Fellin, F.; Artoni, M.; Righetto, R.; Bellinzona, V. E.; Widesott, L.; Dionisi, F.; Farace, P.. - In: PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-9155. - 65:14(2020), p. 14NT01. [10.1088/1361-6560/ab9775]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/320079
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