When facing two sets of imprinting objects of different numerousness, domestic chicks prefer to approach the larger one. Given that choice for familiar and novel stimuli in imprinting situations is known to be affected by the sex of the animals, we investigated how male and female domestic chicks divide the time spent in the proximity of a familiar versus an unfamiliar number of objects, and how animals interact (by pecking) with these objects. We confirmed that chicks discriminate among the different numerousnesses, but we also showed that females and males behave differently, depending on the degree of familiarity of the objects. When objects in the testing sets were all familiar, females equally explored both sets and pecked at all objects individually. Males instead selectively approached the familiar numerousness and pecked more at it. When both testing sets comprised familiar as well as novel objects, both males and females approached the larger numerousness of familiar objects. However, chicks directed all their pecks toward the novel object within the set. Differences in the behavior of males and females can be accounted for in terms of sex difference in the motivation to reinstate social contact with the familiar objects and to explore novel ones, likely associated with the ecology and the social structure of the species before domestication.
Response of male and female domestic chicks to change in the number (quantity) of imprinting objects / Lemaire, B.; Rugani, R.; Regolin, L.; Vallortigara, G.. - In: LEARNING & BEHAVIOR. - ISSN 1543-4494. - 2020(2020).
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|Titolo:||Response of male and female domestic chicks to change in the number (quantity) of imprinting objects|
|Autori:||Lemaire, B.; Rugani, R.; Regolin, L.; Vallortigara, G.|
|Titolo del periodico:||LEARNING & BEHAVIOR|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85092230986|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||33025570|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13420-020-00446-1|
|Citazione:||Response of male and female domestic chicks to change in the number (quantity) of imprinting objects / Lemaire, B.; Rugani, R.; Regolin, L.; Vallortigara, G.. - In: LEARNING & BEHAVIOR. - ISSN 1543-4494. - 2020(2020).|
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