Previous studies have confirmed that visual onsets are very powerful in attracting our gaze. The reflexive saccades triggered by sudden onsets have a high adaptive value because they ensure a rapid inspection of potentially appetitive or dangerous events. Here we showed, however, that such exogenously driven saccades are rapidly attenuated as the exposure to the same irrelevant onset progresses. Crucially, we found that such decrement in oculomotor capture conforms to several key features of habituation, an ancestral and widespread form of learning, consisting in a response reduction to a repeated irrelevant stimulation. In addition, we documented both spontaneous recovery and specificity of habituation, the phenomenon of dishabituation, and that habituation of capture was stimulation-frequency dependent. We also found both short-term and long-term habituation of oculomotor capture. Although we cannot exclude the contribution of top-down strategic inhibitory mechanisms to filter the onset distractors, the oculomotor capture reduction that we have documented finds a straightforward explanation in the neural and cognitive mechanisms underlying habituation of the orienting reflex, as originally suggested by Sokolov. Our study lends support to the idea that habituation plays a key filtering role in regulating the exogenous saccadic response triggered by peripheral onset distractors.
Habituation of oculomotor capture by sudden onsets: Stimulus specificity, spontaneous recovery and dishabituation / Bonetti, Francesca; Turatto, Massimo. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. - ISSN 0096-1523. - 45:2(2019), pp. 264-284.
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|Titolo:||Habituation of oculomotor capture by sudden onsets: Stimulus specificity, spontaneous recovery and dishabituation|
|Autori:||Bonetti, Francesca; Turatto, Massimo|
|Titolo del periodico:||JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||2|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85058854072|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||30570321|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000457256000008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000605|
|Citazione:||Habituation of oculomotor capture by sudden onsets: Stimulus specificity, spontaneous recovery and dishabituation / Bonetti, Francesca; Turatto, Massimo. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. - ISSN 0096-1523. - 45:2(2019), pp. 264-284.|
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