SfM’s ability to produce high-quality, large-scale digital elevation models (DEMs) of complicated and rapidly evolving systems has made it a valuable technique for low-budget researchers and practitioners. While SfM has provided valuable datasets that capture single-flood event DEMs, there is an increasing scientific need to capture higher temporal resolution datasets that can quantify the evolutionary processes instead of pre- and post-flood snapshots. However, flood events’ dangerous field conditions and image matching challenges (e.g. wind, rain) prevent quality SfM-image acquisition. Conversely, flume experiments offer opportunities to document flood events, but achieving consistent and accurate DEMs to detect subtle changes in dry and inundated areas remains a challenge for SfM (e.g. parabolic error signatures). This research aimed at investigating the impact of naturally occurring and manipulated avulsions on braided river morphology and on the encroachment of floodplain vegetation, using laboratory experiments. This required DEMs with millimeter accuracy and precision and at a temporal resolution to capture the processes. SfM was chosen as it offered the most practical method. Through redundant local network design and a meticulous ground control point (GCP) survey with a Leica Total Station in red laser configuration (reported 2 mm accuracy), the SfM residual errors compared to separate ground truthing data produced mean errors of 1.5 mm (accuracy) and standard deviations of 1.4 mm (precision) without parabolic error signatures. Lighting conditions in the flume were limited to uniform, oblique, and filtered LED strips, which removed glint and thus improved bed elevation mean errors to 4 mm, but errors were further reduced by means of an open source software for refraction correction. The obtained datasets have provided the ability to quantify how small flood events with avulsion can have similar morphologic and vegetation impacts as large flood events without avulsion. Further, this research highlights the potential application of SfM in the laboratory and ability to document physical and biological processes at greater spatial and temporal resolution.
Avulsion research using flume experiments and highly accurate and temporal-rich SfM datasets / Bertoldi, Walter; Javernick, Luke Anthony; Vitti, Alfonso. - ELETTRONICO. - (2017). ((Intervento presentato al convegno AGU tenutosi a New Orleans nel 11-15 dicembre 2017.
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|Titolo:||Avulsion research using flume experiments and highly accurate and temporal-rich SfM datasets|
|Autori:||Bertoldi, Walter; Javernick, Luke Anthony; Vitti, Alfonso|
|Titolo del volume contenente il saggio:||2017 AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 11-15 Dec.|
|Luogo di edizione:||New Orleans|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||Avulsion research using flume experiments and highly accurate and temporal-rich SfM datasets / Bertoldi, Walter; Javernick, Luke Anthony; Vitti, Alfonso. - ELETTRONICO. - (2017). ((Intervento presentato al convegno AGU tenutosi a New Orleans nel 11-15 dicembre 2017.|
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