The identification of suitable markers for critical patterns during atrial fibrillation (AF) may be crucial to guide an effective ablation treatment. Single parameter maps, based on dominant frequency and complex fractionated electrograms, have been proposed as a tool for electrogram-guided ablation, however the specificity of these markers is debated. Experimental studies suggest that AF critical patterns may be identified on the basis of specific rate and organization features, where rapid organized and rapid fragmented activities characterize respectively localized sources and critical substrates. In this paper we introduce the logical operator map, a novel mapping tool for a point-by-point identification and localization of AF critical sites. Based on advanced signal and image processing techniques, the approach combines in a single map electrogram-derived rate and organization features with tomographic anatomical detail. The construction of the anatomically-detailed logical operator map is based on the time-domain estimation of atrial rate and organization in terms of cycle length and wave-similarity, the logical combination of these indexes to obtain suitable markers of critical sites, and the multimodal integration of electrophysiological and anatomical information by segmentation and registration techniques. Logical operator maps were constructed in 14 patients with persistent AF, showing the capability of the combined rate and organization markers to identify with high selectivity the subset of electrograms associated with localized sources and critical substrates. The precise anatomical localization of these critical sites revealed the confinement of rapid organized sources in the left atrium with organization and rate gradients towards the surrounding tissue, and the presence of rapid fragmented electrograms in proximity of the sources. By merging in a single map the most relevant electrophysiological and anatomical features of the AF process, the logical operator map may have significant clinical impact as a direct, comprehensive tool to understand arrhythmia mechanisms in the single patient and guide more conservative, step-wise ablation.
The logical operator map identifies novel candidate markers for critical sites in patients with atrial fibrillation / Ravelli, F; Masè, M; Cristoforetti, A; Marini, M; Disertori, M. - In: PROGRESS IN BIOPHYSICS & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0079-6107. - 115(2014), pp. 186-197.
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|Titolo:||The logical operator map identifies novel candidate markers for critical sites in patients with atrial fibrillation|
|Autori:||Ravelli, F; Masè, M; Cristoforetti, A; Marini, M; Disertori, M|
|Titolo del periodico:||PROGRESS IN BIOPHYSICS & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84908661064|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||25077410|
|Codice identificativo WOS:||WOS:000344424700012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2014.07.006|
|Citazione:||The logical operator map identifies novel candidate markers for critical sites in patients with atrial fibrillation / Ravelli, F; Masè, M; Cristoforetti, A; Marini, M; Disertori, M. - In: PROGRESS IN BIOPHYSICS & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0079-6107. - 115(2014), pp. 186-197.|
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